IoT for Waste Management: A Key to Ensuring Sustainable Greener Environment in Smart Cities

IoT for Waste Management: A Key to Ensuring Sustainable Greener Environment in Smart Cities

Jaganthan Thirumal (Anna University, India), Usha Kingsly Devi (Anna University, India) and Dynisha S. (Anna University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9199-3.ch016

Abstract

Smart cities incorporate information and communication technology to enhance the quality and performance of urban services. The element of smart cities includes physical infrastructure and IoT technology, which gives a framework, methodology, technology, and management solution and efficient waste handling and reduction with the assistance of software analysis tools. It provides effective environmental resource flow integration. IoT system provides a digital access to waste management. This system uses online smart monitor sensors that monitor the performance of water supply and effluent handling system utilizing a cloud-based platform. This enhances real-time planned performance and increases life-cycle equipment. This technique enhances the synergistic use of resources due to climate mitigation and adaptation for sustainable growth and this technology also uses air quality sensors across the city to collect open data platform for monitoring and reducing primary and secondary pollutants and systematically instruct the pollutant-causing sources to maintain ambient air quality.
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Smart City

Smart Cities is an innovative city that uses ICTs to improve quality of life characterized by development in economic condition, sustainability, and a high quality of life. This innovation integrates conditions of all of its critical infrastructures through monitoring. It should engage with all the services on offer and connects people, information and city elements using new technologies in order to achieve the efficiency of urban operation and services. Also it should satisfy the needs of present and future generations with respect to social, economic, and environmental aspects Smart City is persistently dominated by new modes. As a consequence, in order to keep up with rapid development the city must be susceptible and adaptable. The modes which make smart cities possible will also put higher demands on the underlying communications infrastructure. The modes in communications technology and other related technical advances such as 5G, big data and cloud services are entered in technical modes. The applications or tools that help citizens, businesses and city administrations develop services including health care and transport in new and existing areas comes under the application mode. Further, how a city chooses to organize and procure its solutions and how these affect the city’s role as the facilitator of an efficient Smart City is discussed by market model modes. The figure 1 represents the modes of smart city.

Figure 1.

Modes of smart city

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