IoT Sustainability in Higher Education

IoT Sustainability in Higher Education

Helena Belchior-Rocha (ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal), Filomena Nogueira Almeida (ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal) and Ricardo Abreu (ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5763-0.ch010

Abstract

The widespread use of new information technologies has brought new challenges to society and in particular to forcing innovation in education and training by changing the paradigm of education. However, there still seems to be no consensus on how best to use new information technologies in educational practices. In this context, and because it is important to know, debate, think, and plan the future role of these new technologies in teaching/training, the authors conducted an exploratory study with the Delphi technique. The experience and creativity of a panel of experts will lead to a categorical scale and to the elaboration of an instrument with a preliminary list of indicators to be applied to students and professors and evaluate the sustainability of IoT in higher education.
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Introduction

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the way Internet connectivity has expanded to include everyday objects and to how those everyday objects inter-operate with our daily lives (Sinha & Park, 2017). Things as “the inter-connectivity of our digital devices that provides endless opportunities to listen and respond to the needs of persons – with the right message, at the right time, on the right device” as defined by Wenjie Gong (2016). This provides a range of possibilities and has brought new challenges to society and in particular to forcing innovation in education and training by changing the paradigm of education.

Among the different and varied technologies and devices available it can be highlighted the tablets, smart phones, interactive whiteboards, streaming audio and video, used as terminals for interacting with the user, But in IoT technologies we can add RFID, QR codes, barcodes, sensors, near-field communication, digital watermarking, so it not just a global network for communications “but a platform or devices to communicate electronically with the world around them” (AmalRedge, 2016, p.27)

The use of computers, smartphones and the Internet has led to the development of interactive teaching virtually models in all types of education. For example, at a time when social networks have gained their place in the everyday lives of our society so it can’t be ignored their potential in promoting learning (Groff, 2013).

To follow up on the use and acceptance by students and professors of these new technologies and communication spaces, and to see if these users will also be motivated to participate and take advantage of these platforms as facilitators of their learning in higher education is a pressing issue.

In this context, and because it is important to know, debate, think and plan the future role of these new technologies in teaching / training, this chapter aims to present an exploratory study with the Delphi technique (Hsu & Sandford, 2007), which gives the opportunity to involve the participants in a more intense and interactive way. This technique has become a fundamental tool in the technological projections, since there is a growing need to information directly in the evaluation of the models that deal with complex problems faced by society, such as education and innovation. Traditional Delphi is generally applied to future trends and events, but has recently expanded its concept to incorporate the search for ideas and strategies with the Delphi Projection, designed to project variables, events, trends, which will support decision-making (Yousuf, 2007). The experience and creativity of a panel of experts, will lead to a categorical scale and to the elaboration of an instrument with a preliminary list of indicators to be applied to students and professors and evaluate the sustainability of IoT in higher education.

This chapter starts with a brief state of art of the concept of IoT and its impact on our future daily life society, followed by the justification of IoT importance in education and higher education, highlighting the potentialities, limitations and challenges of its implementation in higher education institutions. After it is presented the study made, the methodology used and the preliminary results and it ends with future research directions.

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