Iraq

Iraq

Nergis Dama (Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2939-2.ch008
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Abstract

This chapter includes Iraq perspectives in terms of Turkey, Iran and geopolitical dynamics. The future of Iraq will determine the socio-economic balances in the Middle East. Because of the instability of Iraq effect regional politics, economics and social circumstances, the acknowledge of Iraq' features should be known clearly. In this chapter, the political administration of Iraq is explained as historically. Then, demographic structure and socio-political features are shown forth in detail, given that socio-political, socio-cultural and demographic features of Iraq should be investigated in terms of regional security. The importance of part including the political, administrative institutions in Iraq is that policy makers will be affected from cumulative perception of administrative structures. On condition that Iran and Turkey are related to the incidences in Iraq, the relationship among Turkey, Iran and Iraq is commented. Ultimately in this chapter, radicalism threatening all the world is explained in terms of regional stability.
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Introduction

The geography accepted as Iraq has been in the centre of turmoil just like it is now. In Iraq which is situated in the area also known as Mesapotamia, Omayyads, Abbasids, Seljuks, Moghuls, Akkoyunlu State and Safavis reigned the country. It is seen that different administrations and societies have continued to have a right to say in Iraq and reign the country with no decrease in their claim. This area which was under Ottoman rule for about 300 years, separated from the Ottoman Empire under the effect of Empire’s falling apart process. Although it was accepted as an independent country in 1932 by Nations League which is the foundation of United Nations, the country hasn’t yet reached a unity and stability. The administration has changed at intervals with the intervention of countries like France and United Kingdom. King Faisal, Abdulkerim Kasim, Hassan ElBekr and Saddam Husein ruled Iraq at different periods. Except Hassan El Bekr, the other three names were removed from the administration with violence and pressure. This case shows that political instability is inherited from past to now on. That the political and economical instability still prevails in Iraq prevents the making use of social and political potential.

In making use of the potential that Iraq has, demographical features, sociopolitical codes and the variety of these codes should have a positive effect. However, in Iraq’s political structure the case that only one view dominates and the other groups not being on the political arena causes turmoil to continue in this area. One of the turning point for Iraq is the US intervention in 2003. As a result, Iraq is being remembered with violence, terror and chaos for long time and the political and economic stability is not only crucial for Iraq but also for the regional stability. Although Iraq being rich in terms of energy sources is an advantage for Iraq people, it is also a reason for the continuity of chaos and conflict. Political and administrative structure, social and economic features sociopolitical codes, indicators of social and economic welfare, demographic structure are the fundamental codes that will determine political and economic stability or instability for the future in the geography accepted as Iraq. At the same time these information will be helpful to understand the turmoil going on in Iraq for a long time.

In this context, in this study the main purpose is to analyze Iraq’s economic, social and political features. It will be examined under different headings and Iraq’s socio economic, political and demographic codes and why this area is given importance in terms of regional and global economic/ political agenda will be answered. Also, when the process is considered since 2003, it is seen that what determines Iraq’s political structure is sociopolitical and sociocultural identities. Consequently, by analyzing the change and progress of these indicators a conclusion can be deduced for Iraq’s future. On the other hand, Iraq’s energy power and geopolitical position has a potential to transform Iraq’s problem into new problems in the regional and global system.

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