iSchools Promoting “Information Science and Technology” (IST) Domain Towards Community, Business, and Society With Contemporary Worldwide Trend and Emerging Potentialities in India

iSchools Promoting “Information Science and Technology” (IST) Domain Towards Community, Business, and Society With Contemporary Worldwide Trend and Emerging Potentialities in India

P. K. Paul (Raiganj University, India) and D. Chatterjee (Seacom Skills University, India)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2255-3.ch410

Abstract

iSchool or I-School or Information School is one of the important names in the present age. It is treated as oxygen for several organizations, Institutions and sectors such as Health, Government, Academia, business and commerce for solid and sophisticated Information and Technological Solution. Owing to the extreme importance of information, several academic units around the world have established Information Schools (I-Schools) on the line of IT schools or B- schools. I-Schools are academic units which work for professional and academic solution of Information and Technologies. Information Schools are responsible for providing manpower in the field of Information and Technologies and Computing with the focus of Information. Information Schools are abbreviated as I-School and many schools and departments are make a consortium and designated as Information School.
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Methodology

It is a fact that, still research on nature & domain of Information Science is tough to find out in academic community; hence it is urgent to find out the role of Information Science or Information Science & Technology (IST) in several community; and complete Social development by the review of literature and other mode of Scientific Research. Practically, it is still tough to dig out the latest area and field of Information Science and this research work will be helpful to find out such domain. To conduct this study various tools and techniques have been used, out of which review of literature played an important role. Web Review plays an important role to find out running courses in the field of Information Science & Technology (IST) and other information and related departments. To assess educational situation and make SWOT analysis of this field, some websites were searched; these are official websites of UGC; AICTE; Government of India. The MSc- Information Science curriculum, Courses and programme structure of more than 600+ educational institutes have been assessed during this study and the main link of UGC, AICTE and MHRD have been used to find out the latest of Education Information in India.

Key Terms in this Chapter

AICTE: All India Council for Technical Education responsible for the Engineering, Technical and Management Education in India.

UGC: University Grants Commission is the main regulator of Universities of India, Including Central, State, Private and Deemed.

Information: Information as a concept has a diversity of meanings, from everyday usage to technical settings. Generally speaking, the concept of information is closely related to notions of constraint, communication, control, data, form, instruction, knowledge, meaning, mental stimulus, pattern, perception, and representation.

Information School: Academic units which work for professional and academic solution of Information and Technologies. Information Schools are responsible for providing manpower in the field of Information and Technologies and Computing. I-Schools gained popularity during 1990’s when internet reached the common people and other commercial ventures. It is in this time the explosion of information has lead the development of healthy information management approach. Earlier evolution of I-Schools provided such knowledge as Library Science, Communication Science, Mass-Communication, Computer Science and Information Technology.

Computing: Includes designing and building hardware and software systems for a wide range of purposes; processing, structuring, and managing various kinds of information; doing scientific studies using computers; making computer systems behave intelligently; creating and using communications and entertainment media; finding and gathering information relevant to any particular purpose, and so on.

Information Science: A discipline of disciplines that came from the subject which deals with information, information services, information activities and digital information. So mainly from library science, archive science, documentation science, computer science it has originated; however this is not truly computer science nor library science. This is an interdisciplinary science; which is a combination of Library Science, Computer Science, Information Technology, Management Science, Operation Research and the subjects that deal with information.

Interdisciplinary: Connection between some subjects irrespective of domain and direct and indirect connection with main facet or sub field.

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