Issues and Challenges of Integrating Digital Library Services in Blended Learning Environments: A Case Study of Open University Malaysia (OUM)

Issues and Challenges of Integrating Digital Library Services in Blended Learning Environments: A Case Study of Open University Malaysia (OUM)

Norasieh Md Amin (Auckland University of Technology (AUT), New Zealand), Ruzita Ramly (Open University Malaysia (OUM), Malaysia) and Philippa Gerbic (Auckland University of Technology (AUT), New Zealand)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2991-2.ch004
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Abstract

Research into digital libraries has been carried out from two perspectives being libraries as contents and as services/organizations. The authors approach this topic from the service perspective. They argue that existing academic libraries in most parts of the world have augmented their services to include digital library services. This chapter discusses the development and components of a digital library and types of digital library services. It also discusses partial research findings on the integration of digital library services in blended learning environments at Open University Malaysia (OUM), focusing on issues and challenges encountered by librarians, which are: the need to provide both digital and physical resources, synchronous and asynchronous interaction with users, and engagement in continuous improvement. Information professionals at tertiary institutions are recommended to: keep abreast with the changing learning environments, maintain cooperation with users, and equip themselves with the new user-centric roles, knowledge, and skills that are required in this era of technological advancement.
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Positioning The Digital Library

An Introductory Historical Glimpse

The concept of libraries as systems for storing knowledge arose hundreds of years ago (Lerner, 1998). However, the concept of having a technology driven system (using machines) whereby humanity’s knowledge could be stored, searched, and displayed was first coined by Bush (1945) who introduced a mechanized system based on microfilm technology which he called the “Memex.” This concept was further crafted by Licklider (1965) whereby he envisaged a computer-based library called the “Procognitive System.” This system, according to him, transmitted information “without transporting materials” and “not only present[ed] information to people but also process[ed] it for them.” It is “a meld of library and computer” (p. 6).

Computer technology began to emerge in the 1970s and librarians were early adopters of computers. The development of computer technology during this time has impacted on almost all aspects of the library profession, including the ways in which librarians acquire, organize and manage library resources and the ways in which library services are delivered to customers. Librarians have been ‘digital’ for some time, but it was not until 1990s that the concept of digital libraries began to receive significant attention. The term ‘digital library’ was first used in print in 1988 in the report of the Corporation for National Research Initiatives (Kahn & Cerf, 1988).

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