IT Solutions Supporting the Management of Higher Education Institutions in Poland

IT Solutions Supporting the Management of Higher Education Institutions in Poland

Elżbieta Janczyk-Strzała (Wroclaw School of Banking, Poland)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 12
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2255-3.ch339

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Background

The beginnings of higher education go back to antiquity when the Athenaeum was founded in Rome by Emperor Hadrian as well as the university of Alexandria. However, proper multi-departmental higher education institutions appeared only in medieval Western Europe. Among them were the University of Bologna (approx. 1088), University of Oxford (approx. 1167), University of Paris (approx. 1170), University of Cambridge (approx. 1209) and University of Padua (1220). (Selekcyjna funkcja …). The first Polish university was the Kraków Academy founded in 1364. It was the second oldest university in Central Europe, after Charles University in Prague (1348) (see: www.uj.edu.pl). At the beginning of the Second Polish Republic, after the period of partitions of Poland, there were five universities (in Kraków, Vilnius, Lviv, Warsaw and Poznań), two technical universities (in Lviv and Warsaw), Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego (Warsaw University of Life Sciences), Mining Academy in Kraków and the Academy of Veterinary Medicine (Lviv) (Jaczewski, 1987, pp.206-210). WWII brought severe losses to Polish science. By the decision of the occupier, higher education was to be eliminated. In 1945-1989, during the period of People's Poland (PRL), first under Stalin and then under the socialist regime, higher education was under a strong political indoctrination. Management of higher education institutions was partly in the hands of the central administration (Thieme, 2009, p.229). In 1989 the number of HEIs went up to 97 while the number of students reached 378,000. They were only state-owned institutions with only one exception for the Catholic University of Lublin (KUL) which is a non-public university whose founding body is the church.

Since 1990s, higher education has been undergoing numerous transformations. The Higher Education Act enacted by the Polish Sejm on 12 September 1990 provided legal framework for the development of non-public education in Poland. The next law of 26 June 1996 on higher vocational schools regulated the activity of schools offering only vocational education and awarding bachelor or engineer degrees. The Law on Higher Education systematised tertiary education and introduced a division into first- and second-cycle studies. Additionally, some institutions offer individual programmes of studies or regular studies in a foreign language.

Table 1.
Number of students in Poland in 1999-2011
Academic YearAll StudentsStudents Number Indicator (1990/1991=100)Academic YearAll studentsStudents Number Indicator (1990/1991=100)
1990/19913904091002001/20021718747440
1991/19924146091062002/20031800548461
1992/19934812731232003/20041858680476
1993/19945687021462004/20051930917495
1994/19956667121712005/20061953832500
1995/19967799072002006/20071941445497
1996/19979179392352007/20081937404496
1997/199810826572772008/20091927762494
1998/199912653473242009/20101900014487
1999/200014212773642010/20111841251472
2000/200115848044062011/20121764060452

Source: Szkoły wyższe i ich finanse 1999-2011 [HEIs and their finances 1999-2011], Warsaw.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Electronic Documents Flow: IT system used for managing the flow of work and documents.

Integrated IT System: IT system supporting management, with modular or integral architecture.

E-Learning Platforms: Platforms/systems used in teaching with the use of the Internet and of computer networks.

Gross Enrolment Ratio: Ratio between the number of students enrolled in tertiary education and the entire population of the age nominally assigned to tertiary education, expressed as a percentage.

Informatization: Process aimed at improving information systems, control systems and other systems through the use of computer equipment.

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