Knowledge as Quantum Leap: A Resource of Innovative Factors to Manage Unpredictability

Knowledge as Quantum Leap: A Resource of Innovative Factors to Manage Unpredictability

Irene Maria Gironacci (Reply SPA, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3906-3.ch004
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A key role of every government is to control the scientific and social progress managing the knowledge and learning process with efficiency and efficacy towards a factual wellness of people. The purpose of this chapter is to describe a basic strategy paradigm of management in global capitalism of knowledge, with web economy, globalization, dematerialization of value. In this global worldmaking, an Indonesia-Italy research team proposes a new knowledge science paradigm to change the way we are behaving in educational didactic, scientific mindset, business management in the twenty-first century: nature knowledge theory (NKT). As new basic science, it is the outcome of advanced study beyond knowledge management.
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The Historical Milestones

The first modernity has proposed an interpretation of knowledge reproduced in a “mechanical way”, in an abstraction process, by separating knowledge from its reference to specific objects, people and contexts of the real world in any context of application (from science to technology, calculus, business, market, law and so on), and by creating impersonal automatism, with engineering methods and techniques. Varieties, variability, and uncertainty were not considered objective.

This vision was according to the spirit of Enlightenment period. The intellectuals believed that they could build a world illuminated by reason, attributing validity to scientific “truths” against the “beliefs” derived from authority, religion, and tradition. The statement was: it is true what can be demonstrated and reproduced objectively, independent of subjective evaluations, in all places and times.

The only way was the experimental method, focused on the cause-effect relationship. The invariability of the law has meaning if causes and effects are considered as abstract phenomena, with no reference to specific contexts and people. “Abstraction” becomes the premise for reproducible and therefore invariant/demonstrable phenomena.

The economy of the first modernity was based on this abstract concept of the certain knowledge engine, that worked fine for a while because of the industrial world was just getting started, and it let society grow in productivity, production, and incomes.

But this mechanic conception of the knowledge process cannot work with an increasing complexity of economic needs, processes, and outcomes.

This problem cannot be solved by postponing politics and state control of industry, when they themselves are also organized in the form of automatisms, according to the same principle of abstract and replicative rules.

The industrial revolution marked a break with the past, an economic take-off as a transition from economic expansion to development.

The scientific thought accompanies this process, such as quantum physics and relativity theory, as a turning point compared to classical physics, and demonstrating the impossibility of classical stable laws to represent experimental reality.

In 1897, the great French chemist Marcelin Berthelot writes: “The scientist never ceases to increase the patrimony and collective capital of peoples”, referring to the implicit gnoseological and ethical impulse implied in science, and the practical applications of scientific knowledge and its industrial grip.

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