Leveraging a Professional Development School Project to Address Students' Learning in Elementary School Mathematics

Leveraging a Professional Development School Project to Address Students' Learning in Elementary School Mathematics

Drew Polly (University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8632-8.ch083
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Abstract

This chapter presents the partnership between a university faculty member and an elementary school that started to address students' learning needs regarding mathematics. This chapter provides: a) an overview of learner-centered professional development as a framework for this Professional Development School partnership, b) a description of the various professional development activities, c) and a summary of the impact of the project on instruction and student achievement. The chapter closes with recommendations for establishing and maintaining PDS partnerships focused on addressing students' learning needs.
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Context Of The Partnership

Prior to 2008, the partner school, Sunny River Elementary School, was a PDS site that had focused its work on interdisciplinary units and service learning projects. However, after seeing a steady decline in their students’ mathematics achievement, the administration expressed interest in focusing on mathematics during the 2008-2009 year. The partnership between myself, who is a university faculty member, and the partner school, Sunny River Elementary School, started with a meeting in September, 2008 with school administrators. The conversation focused on how to best help students and improve mathematics teaching and learning in the school. The entire conversation was all about students – what they knew, what they struggled with, and teachers’ and administrators’ efforts to support mathematics. The school had recently adopted a Professional Learning Community model, which was influencing their approaches to planning, making data-based decisions, and their overall vision of effective teaching and learning (Dufour & Eaker, 1998). The school already had a formal Professional Development School relationship with the university that had focused intensively on designing interdisciplinary units of instruction as well as service learning projects. While these projects and initiatives had been successful, the recent data from the End-of-Year state assessments on mathematics caused the school’s leadership team to inquire about ways to transform mathematics instruction at the school. The school’s average proficient score was 51.8% and 61.9% in third and fourth grades respectively. In third grade these scores were 20 points below that state average and 12 points below the district average. In fourth grade these scores were 11 points below both the district and the state average (North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, n.d.).

During the initial conversation, there was some initial goal setting, which resulted in Imeeting with each grade level to work with teachers on learning and preparing to use some reform-based pedagogies and strategies to support students’ work with number sense and algebraic thinking. These meetings initially occurred during hour-long informal sessions, in which teachers would come with a list of Standards that they were preparing to teach. Iwould work with them, pose some mathematical problems or tasks that teachers would work on related to those standards, and then they would collaborate to unpack the standards and talk about ways to support students’ exploration of those concepts. During these meetings teachers kept mentioning the barrier that they did not have a mathematics textbook or curriculum on which to draw resources. For each day, teachers were creating their mathematics lessons from scratch pulling from various resources, including state documents, websites, and other instructional materials that they had access. Therefore, this collaborate project took on a goal of supporting teachers’ creation of lessons that included standards-based pedagogies. Standards-based pedagogies focus on problem solving, and mathematical reasoning, and align to the Principles and Standards written by the National Council for Teachers of Mathematics (2000). This PDS partnership focused on improving student learning outcomes in mathematics through extensive support of teachers through planning and the design and selection of instructional materials.

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