Orhan Kandemir (Kastamonu University, Turkey) and Niyazi Gümüş (Kastamonu University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2939-2.ch002


Libya is one of the biggest countries in Africa. The “Arab Spring” significantly affected the political system and sociopolitical organization of Libya. The authoritative management that forbids the political parties, the welfare obtained from the exportation of rich natural resources was not reflected to the community and the corruptions increased while only managing elite part got richer are main reasons of such an insurrection. Economy of Libya depends on a single sector, which is energy. The historical relations between Turkey should not be forgotten and the economic cooperation between both countries should be increased.
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Population And Demographic Structure

Libya is the country that has the biggest surface area with 1.759.540 square kilometer following Sudan, Algeria and Congo among the countries in the continent of Africa. There is Tunisia in its northwest, Algeria in its west, Nigeria and Chad in its south, Sudan in its southeastern, Egypt in its east. It is estimated that the name of Libya comes from the name change of Barbary Levâte tribe who were the first residents of region (Ceviz, 2011a:81).

Table 1.
Libya’s demographic structure
Population6,411,776 (July 2015 est.)
Population Growth Rate2.23% (2015 est.)
Birth Rate18.03 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Death Rate3.58 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Age Structure0-14 years: 26.52% (male 869,583/female 830,751)
15-24 years: 17.77% (male 588,243/female 551,139)
25-54 years: 46.62% (male 1,567,608/female 1,421,246)
55-64 years: 4.97% (male 163,133/female 155,703)
65 years and over: 4.12% (male 132,740/female 131,630) (2015 est.)
Median Agetotal: 28 years
male: 28.2 years
female: 27.8 years (2015 est.)
Sex Ratio (Total Population)1.08 male(s)/female (2015 est.)
Net Migration Rate7.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Ethnic GroupsBerber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)

Source: CIA, 2016.

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