Local Sourcing in Peacekeeping: A Case Study of Swedish Military Sourcing

Local Sourcing in Peacekeeping: A Case Study of Swedish Military Sourcing

Per Skoglund (Jönköping International Business School, Sweden) and Susanne Hertz (Jönköping International Business School, Sweden)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-824-8.ch007
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This case study explores the Swedish armed forces’ sourcing from local suppliers in the area of the peacekeeping operation in Liberia. The chapter discusses why, what, and how the Swedish armed forces develop local sourcing. For the study, a theoretical framework was developed with an industrial network perspective based on three cornerstones: supplier buyer relation development, internationalisation, and finally, souring and business development in a war-torn country. The results of the study show that both implicit and explicit reasons to source locally exist. Every operation is unique, and therefore the sourcing needs to be tailored for each operation. Local sourcing was developed in the country based on existing needs and when opportunities arise. Theoretically, new insights of differences between business relations in military operations and normal business to business relations were gained. Practically, this study illustrates the importance to develop and diversify sourcing in international operations.
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Theoretical Framework

The main area to be discussed covers local sourcing in an international environment. We see the supply chains as a network of suppliers and discuss supplier development from that perspective (Lambert, Cooper and Pagh, 1998). The existing theories about sourcing in an international environment and supply chains in the form of networks come from the area of private business (Agndal 2004; Lambert et al. 1998). The intention is to adopt and adjust private commercial theories so they can be used to describe the sourcing of military operations.

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