Logistics Geostrategy as a Decision Factor to Locate a Multimodal Logistics Platform

Logistics Geostrategy as a Decision Factor to Locate a Multimodal Logistics Platform

Adriana Rodríguez Rojas (Universidad Antonio Nariño, Colombia) and Jose Luis Martínez Flores (Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla, Mexico)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0130-5.ch004
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Abstract

The objective of this chapter is to study some geographical aspects that in one way or another influence decisions, such as finding the best place to locate a Multimodal Logistics Platform (MLP), without neglecting the consideration of other factors affecting decisions of locating infrastructure, such as economics, politics and environment. The first step, is studying all the geographical aspects: physical space, weather, topography and other factors that indirectly affect the reliable operation of this kind of logistics infrastructure. This study investigates the use of the quantitative method of “Weighting factors” to evaluate every one of the mentioned factors; the method will be evaluated by a group of experts in the field, who will define the geographic aspects that really influence the decision to locate an MLP. To check the result, a nonparametric statistics test named U of Mann-Whitney will be used. The case will be first applied to compare two countries: Mexico and Panama. It is the first of a series of logistical studies to decide on the best country to locate an MLP.
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Scope And Definitions

Concept of Logistics Geostrategy

Although some authors linked the geopolitics and geostrategy to the military field, war strategies and policies (Rosales, 2005; Correia, 2004), the Real Academia de la Lengua Española (RAE, 2012) defined geostrategy as “the study of the influence of geography on strategy “, other authors also take the concept of geostrategy to apply it to the commercial field. Palazuelos (2008) says that “global geostrategy, is the crossroad of the various strategies developed by major countries acting as plaintiffs and others like suppliers”.

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