Lsquare System for Mining Logic Data

Lsquare System for Mining Logic Data

Giovanni Felici (Istituto di Analisi dei Sistemi ed Informatica (IASI-CNR), Italy) and Klaus Truemper (University of Texas at Dallas, USA)
Copyright: © 2005 |Pages: 5
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-557-3.ch132
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Abstract

The method described in this chapter is designed for data mining and learning on logic data. This type of data is composed of records that can be described by the presence or absence of a finite number of properties. Formally, such records can be described by variables that may assume only the values true or false, usually referred to as logic (or Boolean) variables. In real applications, it may also happen that the presence or absence of some property cannot be verified for some record; in such a case we consider that variable to be unknown (the capability to treat formally data with missing values is a feature of logic-based methods). For example, to describe patient records in medical diagnosis applications, one may use the logic variables healthy, old, has_high_temperature, among many others. A very common data mining task is to find, based on training data, the rules that separate two subsets of the available records, or explains the belonging of the data to one subset or the other. For example, one may desire to find a rule that, based one the many variables observed in patient records, is able to distinguish healthy patients from sick ones. Such a rule, if sufficiently precise, may then be used to classify new data and/or to gain information from the available data. This task is often referred to as machine learning or pattern recognition and accounts for a significant portion of the research conducted in the data mining community. When the data considered is in logic form or can be transformed into it by some reasonable process, it is of great interest to determine explanatory rules in the form of the combination of logic variables, or logic formulas. In the example above, a rule derived from data could be:if (has_high_temperature is true) and (running_nose is true) then (the patient is not healthy).

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