M Stands for Media, Migration, and Modern Slavery in the UK

M Stands for Media, Migration, and Modern Slavery in the UK

Nelson Okorie (Covenant University, Nigeria) and Suleimanu Usaini (Covenant University, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0210-5.ch003

Abstract

This chapter examined the issues of victimization and modern slavery actions against foreign migrants in the UK as well as the possible solutions suggested by media outlets and human right groups, using documentaries as examples. The method adopted was qualitative content analysis and two documentaries of Aljazeera were used. Also, three research questions were raised and adequately answered in this study. From the findings of the study, two predominant areas of modern slavery actions were forced labour and prostitution, which are interlinked with human trafficking. It was recommended that the media in UK should serve as agents of racial tolerance and social integration for Roma migrants.
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Background

In the UK, recent studies indicate a significant increase of illegal foreign migrants in major areas of England (Townsend, 2013; Etter & Nash, 2016; Economist, 2018). Most of these migrants reside in five major areas in England, which are Yorkshire, Humber, London, the North West and the Midlands. According to the Telegraph (2016), “the majority of the population, 183,000 are believed to live in England. Yorkshire and Humber, London, the North West and the Midlands have been identified as areas where there are large numbers of illegal foreign migrants.”

In recent times, media organizations and human rights groups have issued warnings over the increase of victimization and modern slavery actions against foreign migrants in the UK. Aljazeera (2015) reported that the UK government estimates that there are around 13,000 modern slaves in Britain with the largest number from Romania, Albania, Nigeria, and Vietnam and from Britain itself. According to the Financial Times (2015), “exploitation of migrant workers by unscrupulous UK employees is on the increase. Such modern slavery is being driven by rising demand for cheap products and the lure of the British economy to those unable to find jobs in their home countries”. Thus, there is a significant increase of modern slavery actions against migrants in UK. This chapter examined the issues of modern slavery actions against foreign migrants in UK as well as the possible solutions suggested by media outlets and human right groups, using documentaries as examples

Objectives of the Study

  • 1.

    To assess the predominant areas of victimization of foreign migrants portrayed by the media

  • 2.

    To determine the predominant areas of modern slavery actions against foreign migrants as portrayed by the media

  • 3.

    To identify the possible solutions to address victimizations and modern slavery actions as portrayed by the media

Research Questions

  • 1.

    What are the predominant areas of victimization of illegal foreign migrants as portrayed by the media?

  • 2.

    What are the predominant areas of modern slavery actions against foreign migrants as portrayed by the media?

  • 3.

    What are the possible solutions to victimizations and modern slavery actions against foreign migrants as portrayed by the media?

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