Making the Best of the Best: Strategies for Effective Retention

Making the Best of the Best: Strategies for Effective Retention

Christy Groves (Middle Tennessee State University, USA) and William Black (Middle Tennessee State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-601-8.ch013
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Abstract

Library success is a direct result of staff quality, engagement, and satisfaction. Careful selection and training of library staff and commitment to their growth are essential to staff retention, which bears directly on organizational effectiveness. Regardless of the type of library, accountability for outcomes has increased, placing greater importance on the quality of staff appointments, employee skills development, and how staff melds into a team in the work place. The cycle of employee excellence is fueled when supervisors provide challenges, opportunities, and recognition relevant to individual work styles. The authors describe the importance of effective recruitment and supervision to staff retention by discussing effective leadership characteristics, outlining the need for a supervisory commitment to ongoing employee training and motivation, and providing suggestions for building successful supervisor-employee relationships in libraries.
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Background

Staff resources are a vital library ingredient and there are many articles in the literature that discuss the importance of recruitment and retention. During the research process for this chapter, the authors found articles in both management and library literature that provide useful guidance on effective hiring practices, supervisory techniques, and retention strategies. Gregory Raschke has neatly summed up just how crucial a quality staff is to a library’s relevance: “The ability to attract, recruit, and hire top candidates is the hallmark of a successful …. library” (Raschke, 2003, p. 53). Indeed, hiring well is consistently emphasized in the literature. “Bringing the wrong person into a position is a misstep that can cost dearly. Worse yet, the problem is completely avoidable” (Bos, 2008, p. 28). The literature emphasizes good communication with candidates during the hiring process so that both sides are interviewing each other (Bos, 2008, p. 28). Patricia Moore states that an applicant’s attraction to a position is frequently based on perception and when not asking about the organization’s culture outright, the applicant is “most likely scanning the environment to see if the culture” is desirable (Moore, 2008, p. 71). Moore goes on to state that during the interview, candidates quickly get a sense whether or not they will fit into the organization and if their opinions and knowledge will be respected and valued (Moore, 2008, p. 71).

The literature also demonstrates the importance of sound orientation and training once an employee is hired. “An orientation is your opportunity to engage new employees and make them productive from day one” (Davies, 2008, p. 8). Effective orientation and training is an investment that significantly boosts an employee’s sense of belonging (Boomer, 2008, p. 1). The supervisor plays an important role in the orientation process. “It is astonishing some managers remain emotionally ignorant and neglect to build relationships” with their new hires (Moore, 2008, p. 71).

The literature reflects the importance of good supervisor-employee working relationships. According to Susan Heathfield, employees “leave managers and supervisors more often than they leave companies or jobs” (Heathfield, 2008, p. 1). Leah Carlson Shepherd states that “about seventy five percent of voluntary turnover is influenced by managers” (Shepherd, 2008, p. 2). The myriad of reasons why employees seek jobs, leave jobs, and/or stay in jobs in which they are not satisfied are as unique as the employees themselves. Shepherd goes on to state that, at any given time, “seventy percent of all workers are poised to leave their jobs, either as active job seekers or passive job seekers” (Shepherd, 2008, p. 2). Thus, effective hiring and orientation is simply not enough. Retention of quality staff is a vital part of a successful organization and is significantly affected by leadership. Aparna Nancherla suggests that employees can feel energized by coaching, a process that helps supervisors to “more effectively communicate and engage employees in the organization’s mission and values, and contributes to productivity” (Nancherla, 2008, p. 22).

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