Male Dominated Industries: Jobs for the Boys

Male Dominated Industries: Jobs for the Boys

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2107-7.ch002
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This chapter aims to: look at the current position of women working in the SET sector from higher education through to the workforce, using data from the UK and USA as examples; consider previous research looking at the lack of women in the sector as a whole and some industries, such as engineering in particular; focus on the construction industry, one of the most gender segregated occupations and working environments (the construction site), in order to examine gendered occupational segregation; provide readers with an in-depth look at women’s underrepresentation in the ICT sector; discuss strategies for including and attracting more women to the computer science and technology occupations, proposed by researchers globally; and highlight why it is important for women to be involved in the creation and production of technology, as well as users and consumers.
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Gender And Mathematics

Early math achievement is considered an important factor to career aspirations and attainment (Shapka, Domene and Keating, 2008; Ma and Johnson, 2008; Watt, 2008). Indeed, research looking at gendered career intentions found a gender divide in high school for both mathematics and English subject courses leading to gendered differences in career intentions (Watt, 2008). Mathematics achievement has been found to be important to career self-efficacy (Betz and Hackett, 1983). According to Betz and Hackett’s (1983) career self-efficacy theory, career self-efficacy is viewed an important factor in career choice. Therefore, math achievement plays a prominent part in career choice and aspirations.

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