Management of Critical Thinking Abilities of Teachers and Learners in a Dynamic Futuristic Environment

Management of Critical Thinking Abilities of Teachers and Learners in a Dynamic Futuristic Environment

K. Srinivasa Rao (Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Madras, India), H. K. Lakshmana Rao (Crescent University, India) and Ramesh Chaluvarayaswamy (Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-8327-2.ch001
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Abstract

Education is the essential tool for turning out a regular annual stream of students who constitute the manpower for the development and growth of a country. This chapter deals with the needs of a country which is considered as the leader of the third world. The education system has to be nurtured to produce the managers who have the essential skillset to take the country in its forward march to become the number one country in the world.
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Education System

There have been four branches of the Education system from time immemorial. They are:

  • 1.

    Science and Technology (S & T)

  • 2.

    Commercial and Management

  • 3.

    Arts and History

  • 4.

    Humanistic and Spirituality

Normally, Science and technology (S&T), Commerce and Management, Arts and History are taught with seldom importance given to Humanism and Spirituality. Such an education may not make any country progressive. Indian scriptures clearly demarcate and explain the relationship amongst Vignyana (Science), Agnyana (Ignorance) and Suguna (right knowledge or Wisdom).

A combination of Vignyana and Agnyana is dangerous! A combination of Suguna and Agnyana would create havoc. The right combination is, therefore, Vignyana and Suguna which mean science and right knowledge or wisdom. . This combination establishes harmony in a progressive society.

The education system takes us from childhood through adulthood to becoming responsible citizens. It is not possible to radically change the existing education system which evolved over the past few centuries. The rapid strides in the Encyclopaedic growth of knowledge in all directions, in all the existing subjects, with new venues opening up to the creative minds of the gifted, is mainly due to the modern digital computer, which for the first time was used for writing articles on computer architecture (hardware), programming (software), large-scale computing and automata theory(Neumann, JV, 1986)

The American Mathematician Norbert Wiener reputed for the creation of “Cybernetics” –-- the science of communications and automatic control system in both machines and living things --– suggested the desirability of the Binary System for internal representation of data in the computer for arithmetic-logical processing. This made the binary digits (bits) ideal to represent the basic numbers 0 and 1, resulting in the design of chips, Integrated Circuits (ICs), leading to the Very Large Scale Integrated Circuit (VLSI) Technology. Presently, the situation is that of Ultra Large Scale Technology (which is the limit of our micro-miniaturization / nano-technology) and the resultant Fifth Generation of digital Computer with Artificial Intelligence.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Curriculum: It is defined as the totality of student experiences that occur in the educational process. The term often refers specifically to a planned sequence of instruction, or to a view of the student's experiences in terms of the educator's or school's instructional goals.

Management: It is a process of planning, decision making, organizing, leading, motivation and controlling the human resources, financial, physical, and information resources of an organization to reach its goals efficiently and effectively.

Four Branches of Education: Four branches of the Education system from time immemorial. Science and Technology (S&T), Commercial and Management, Arts and History, Humanistic and Spirituality.

Mathematical Model: It is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. A model may help to explain a system and to study the effects of different components, and to make predictions about behavior.

Communication: Communication is the act of developing meaning among entities or groups through the use of sufficiently mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic conventions.

Blended Learning: It is a style of education in which students learn via electronic and online media as well as traditional face-to-face teaching.

Manpower Planning: It consists of putting right number of people, right kind of people at the right place, right time, doing the right things for which they are suited for the achievement of goals of the organization.

STEM Education Curriculum: It refers to teaching and learning in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics, across all formal and informal grade settings from pre-school to post-doctoral levels (for example, see thestempedia.com/curriculum/ ).

Creative Thinking: Creative thinking has been by definition the analysis of information contained in facts and data to draw a proper conclusion after a judgment of the facts.

Six Sigma: It is a method that provides organizations tools to improve the capability of their business processes. This increase in performance and decrease in process variation helps lead to defect reduction and improvement in profits, employee morale, and quality of products or services.

Total Quality Management (TQM): It consists of organization-wide efforts to “install and make permanent climate where employees continuously improve their ability to provide on demand products and services that customers will find of particular value.

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