Managing the Utilization of Technologies in Adult Education, Training, and Administration: The Case Study of Turkish MoNE

Managing the Utilization of Technologies in Adult Education, Training, and Administration: The Case Study of Turkish MoNE

Mehmet Durnali (Ereğli Faculty of Education, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1408-5.ch001

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate and discuss the technologies in Turkey's adult education system in a holistic, systematic way and within a framework with a theoretical basis for the use of the computer, the internet, and web-based technologies in adult education, training, and administration. The web-based applications such as EBA and A-Okul can be very useful for enabling adult learners to acquire a diploma or some certificate. Being able to use technological applications considering all functions and subdivisions can mean learning many tasks, activities, processes, and requirements in adult education. Therefore, it is important to acquire the skills necessary to use these technologies since the algorithms contained in these technological applications are a reflection of the steps of necessary and inclusive tasks, activities, processes in the administration of adult education. The development of the technological capacity of the organization may mean increasing the productivity of the organization.
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Introduction

Production, teaching/learning and administrative technologies are used to produce output in an educational system efficiently. Production technology can basically be defined as the technologies produced by the student alone or in a group, sometimes with the help of teachers at certain points to learn a technique, especially in technical schools. The teaching or learning technologies enable certain learning gains with the help of technological tools such as a board, pen, presentation device, and computer and so on. To that end, educational administration technology could be a term encompassing the technology used in administrative activities and operations in order to facilitate the administration of the education system, learning environments and thusly the education itself as well as learning and training (Başaran, 1996:127). As can be understood from Başaran, the most comprehensive context is technology that carries three dimensions in an educational organization. The explanation of Başaran could be elaborated on through an illustration. In order to obtain a computer software course certificate at the public education center, for instance, an adult student may be required to produce a software project as a course final assignment. In this project, the student uses software technology (e.g. PHP) to produce software technology based on the knowledge gained, applications referred to or research carried out during the course.

Durnalı, Orakcı and Aktan (2019) stated that “for thousands of years, education and training that manifested itself via a triangle of school-teacher-student has begun to use new, multifaceted, multi-channel alternatives with the use of technologies in the education system” (p. 228). That is, the understanding of learning solely through student and teacher interactions occurring in a physical building has been changing with the integration of technologies into learning processes. Technologies can provide solutions so that students and teachers do not need to get into a physical building called the school anymore.

Educational technology is a process that includes administrative activities in the analysis and finding solutions to the problems in the learning process, in the administration of human and material resources necessary for application development (AECT, 1977:1). Educational technology is the use of multimedia technologies or audiovisual devices as a tool to improve learning and teaching processes (ITEA, 2007:238). Kaya (2006:25) stated the relationship between technology and education as follows: Technology is a tool that enables individuals who have an educator role to reach the target audience in a short period of time through appropriate, coordinated, advanced training materials and help them acquire the desired skills more efficiently.

From another standpoint, according to Bozeman and Spuck (1991:515-16) almost all types of educational organizations can integrate various kinds of computer-based technologies or applications into their organizational structure to execute some administrative activities as desired. Typical administrative data-processing applications in education 1990s are itemized as follows:

  • Financial Applications: Budget systems, accounts receivable-payable, general ledger, purchase orders, salary schedule analysis, negotiations.

  • Student Applications: Student scheduling, class registration, grade reporting and transcripts, daily and summary attendance accounting, student and family demographic information, health records instructional management, test scoring and reporting, tuition and fee statements, class lists.

  • Facilities and Equipment: Space utilization and room assignment, inventories, maintenance scheduling, energy utilization management and control.

  • Personnel Applications: Payroll and check writing, personnel records, faculty and staff assignments, certification records, health records, tax information and tax reports, benefits management (insurance, retirement).

  • Research and Planning: Budget analysis, bus routing, statistical analysis, testing and evaluation, project planning and control, enrollment analysis and projection.

  • Library Systems: Circulation, catalogs, on-line database search, acquisitions-purchasing, inventory.

  • Office Applications: Word processing, filing and database systems, electronic and voice mail, desktop publishing, presentation graphics, spreadsheets.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Lifelong Learning: A concept that extends learning throughout the life of an individual but not for a certain age group.

Adult Education Organization: Official educational structures having an organizational schema, having special buildings where teachers, master trainers and experts in adult education and administrators work for adult education and training.

Turkish Adult Education System: It includes five open education schools, 992 public education centers and 23 advanced technical schools for girls under the management of the General Directorate of Lifelong Learning of Turkey.

Technology in Adult Education Administration: Web-based software and database, computer software, etc., which aim to facilitate all kinds of management activities for the realization of education and training activities in adult education organizations.

Public Education Centers: Non-formal education organizations established at least one in each district of Turkey—992 in total—provides various education and training activities for the citizens of Turkey, apart from formal education, such as English language courses, hobbies and so on.

Administering Adult Education: The tasks, duties, responsibilities for the achievement of the objectives of adult learning and training, executing the effective management processes, managing human and resources to do so.

Technology in Adult Education and Training: Distance education technologies, Internet, Computers, TVs and electronic learning materials (e.g., animations, videos, simulation) which are used to aim to facilitate the realization of adult learning objectives.

Adult Education: All education and training activities aimed at acquiring skills and knowledge for individuals over the age of 18 for formal (secondary and high school), vocational, literacy, arts and hobby purposes.

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