Managing Urbanisation Through Planned Government Expenditure Evidence From Nigeria

Managing Urbanisation Through Planned Government Expenditure Evidence From Nigeria

Adam Konto Kyari (University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5646-6.ch075
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Over the past 50 years the world has witnessed a very rapid urban growth and projections have shown that by the year 2050 two-third of the world population will be living in urban centres, with Africa's urban population projected to reach 67% from its current 40%. Nigeria, being the most populous country in Africa, is projected to have an urban population of 67%. There are number of challenges that go with urbanisation. This chapter examined the effectiveness of Nigeria's budgetary expenditure in managing Nigeria's urbanisation threats. The chapter found that Nigeria's urbanisation management strategy is more of system maintenance based than system development, and therefore, in spite of the huge expenditure government incurred over the years, the urban challenges Nigeria is facing are still alarming. Accordingly, the chapter concludes by recommending that Nigeria plan its urban expenditure in to ensure that it is sustainable.
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2. Urbanisation And Urban Challenges In Nigeria

With a current urban population rate of 48%, Nigeria is ranked ninth in the world and first in Africa (World Bank, 2016) and, by the year 2050, Nigeria's urban population is expected to rise to 67% (United Nations, 2014). Unlike most African countries where urbanisation growth is confined to a single commercial centre of the nation, Nigeria has not just one but a number of urbanised cities of considerable size and importance. Most of these cities, according to Ronald and Abe (1992), were larger than most of the capital cities of other African countries.

While it was a thing of joy in the 1970s, urbanisation in Nigeria today is a burden. Nigeria, just like any other developing country, is facing a lot of urban challenges. Such challenges, as identified above, posse serious socio-economic consequences to the Nigerian nation.

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