Maritime Spatial Planning Concepts and Approaches: Focusing on Mediterranean Examples of Conflicts and Synergies Arising by Fishery Activities

Maritime Spatial Planning Concepts and Approaches: Focusing on Mediterranean Examples of Conflicts and Synergies Arising by Fishery Activities

Theodora Papatheochari (University of Thessaly, Greece), Vassiliki Vassilopoulou (Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Greece), Athina Kokkali (Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Greece), Fabio Grati (Institute of Marine Sciences (ISMAR), Italy & National Research Council (CNR), Italy), Harry Coccossis (University of Thessaly, Greece), Gianna Fabi (National Research Council (CNR), Italy & Institute of Marine Sciences (ISMAR), Italy) and Luca Bolognini (National Research Council (CNR), Italy & Institute of Marine Sciences (ISMAR), Italy)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 23
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8333-4.ch011
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Abstract

Often human activities taking place at limited available marine space may lead to important spatial and temporal conflicts and synergies. Through Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) a series maritime issues have been addressed focusing on such interactions. This chapter makes a presentation of the development of Maritime Spatial Planning concepts and approaches on a global basis, highlighting best practices as well as gaps that need to be addressed. Lessons learned from two Mediterranean case studies of the EU FP7 research projects MESMA and COEXIST focusing particularly on fisheries, as one of the main human activities in the two marine areas, interacting with other uses and with conservation initiatives, is also discussed.
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Background

According to Douvere (2010) an evolution can be identified in the development of MSP, with early forms of MSP concentrated on nature protection, and the more recent applications, particularly in Northwest Europe, aiming at achieving multiple objectives. Indeed, in 10 October 2007, the European Commission adopted the Blue Paper proposing an Integrated Maritime Policy (IMP) for the EU. This paper identified Maritime Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) as important instruments for the protection of the marine environment, the management of marine areas that promote the sustainable development and optimal management of the use of resources with minimal conflicts between the involved stakeholders (CEC, 2007).

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