Microbial Genomics in the Developed and Developing Nations

Microbial Genomics in the Developed and Developing Nations

Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 22
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8559-8.ch015
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Abstract

This chapter assessed the nature of microbes and microbial genomics in the developed and developing nations. The role of microbial agents has become extremely crucial in the commercialization of genomic science. As a result of human civilization in the twenty-first century the use of petrochemical products play monumental role in meeting the energy needs of developed, developing and the least developed nations. Inadvertently, the price we pay for management inefficiently periodically can be frightening. Therefore, we have accentuated the role of microbes and the relevance of rational sustainable development. Exponential growth in various resource converting techniques, without considering environmental degradation, has spurred the periodic unplanned ecological disasters in United States and other oil-producing nations. Unless there is concerted international, political, and scientific commitment to mitigate the spewing of greenhouse gases, there will be disastrous consequences on the environment worldwide.
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Part I: The Role Of Microbial Agents In Genomic Science

Microbial Genomics in the Developed and Developing Nations: Definition

In the age of genomic science, the relevance of microbes cannot be overstated. Specifically, microbes are microscopic organisms. However, they are invisible to the naked eyes. Although many microbes are not necessarily pathogenic, yet there are large numbers of them, which are not only pathogenic but virulent to living things. The cells in our body are outnumbered in ratio of 10:1 by microbes. Besides, they represent thousands of different species which consist of bacteria, fungi, Achaea, and viruses. Synopses of microbial agents which have been sequenced are listed in Figure 1.

Figure 1.

Some microbial agents that cause diseases

From epidemiological perspectives, microbial growth and proliferation can be affected by different environmental conditions, which include nutrient availability, moisture, temperature, and the hydrogen ion concentration (PH) and osmotic pressure and barometric pressure.

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