Migration Policy and Problems of Ensuring Economic Security of Countries

Migration Policy and Problems of Ensuring Economic Security of Countries

Tatiana Podolskaya (Russian Presidential Academy of Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Russia), Ekaterina Medyakova (Russian Presidential Academy of Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Russia) and Nina Kolesnikova (Russian Presidential Academy of Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Russia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0111-5.ch004
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In this chapter the authors consider the impact of migration processes on the state of their home country's security. The other actual direction of this research is to identify the dependence of the country's economic security on the intensity of migration regulation. The complexity of assessing global trends in migration policy leads to the need for a comparative analysis of the conditions for their implementation in the context of world labor migration centers. The chapter analyzes the main tools of migration policy, the study of which made it possible to summarize and identify measurable indicators of the impact of migration processes on the state of economic security. The complex of designated challenges and threats to the economic security of the state will allow to form an overall picture of the current state of the object and a qualitative medium-term forecast.
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Instruments Of Migration Policy: Current State Of Development

One of the instruments of migration policy is represented by the intergovernmental agreements on foreign labor employment, which include the conditions of migrants’ stay in a host country, the observance of which is intended to protect migrant workers’ interests. Intergovernmental agreements on foreign labor hiring, concluded between the Federal Republic of Germany and the sending countries, stipulate that employers hire and pay foreign workers on the basis of the same provisions of tariff agreements applicable to German workers. Immigration control services monitor the entry of immigrants into the country. In accordance with the entrepreneurs’ statements about their need for specific categories workers, they are issuing entry permits for a specific period of time.

Key Terms in this Chapter

International Labor Market: An integral part of world economic system, which is formed and exists through dynamic labor migration processes, with mandatory both state and international regulation.

Illegal Entry: The act of crossing borders without complying with the necessary requirements for legal entry into the receiving State.

Labor Migration Centers: Several basic conventionally determined common economic development centers in which labor migration processes are most active.

International Migration: Movement of persons who leave their country of origin, or the country of habitual residence, to establish themselves either permanently or temporarily in another country.

Labor Migration: Movement of persons from their home State to another State for the purpose of employment. Labor migration is addressed by most States in their migration laws. In addition, some States take an active role in regulating outward labor migration and seeking opportunities for their nationals abroad.

Regulation of Migration Flows: Numerous governmental functions and a national system of orderly and humane management for cross-border migration, particularly managing the entry and presence of foreigners within the borders of the State and the protection of refugees and others in need of protection.

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