Mining Software Specifications

Mining Software Specifications

David Lo (National University of Singapore, Singapore) and Siau-Cheng Khoo (National University of Singapore, Singapore)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-060-8.ch034


Software is a ubiquitous component in our daily life. It ranges from large software systems like operating systems to small embedded systems like vending machines, both of which we frequently interact with. Reducing software related costs and ensuring correctness and dependability of software are certainly worthwhile goals to pursue. Due to the short-time-to-market requirement imposed on many software projects, documented software specifications are often lacking, incomplete and outdated (Deelstra, Sinnema & Bosch 2004). Lack of documented software specifications contributes to difficulties in understanding existing systems. The latter is termed program comprehension and is estimated to contribute up to 45% of total software cost which goes to billions of dollars (Erlikh 2000, Standish 1984; Canfora & Cimitile 2002; BEA 2007). Lack of specifications also hampers automated effort of program verification and testing (Ammons, Bodik & Larus 2002).

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