Mobile Apps for Human Nutrition: A Review

Mobile Apps for Human Nutrition: A Review

Muzamil Ahmad (The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan), Muhammad Abbas Khan (The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan), Mairaj Bibi (Bolan University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan), Zia Ullah (The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan) and Syed Tanveer Shah (The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 27
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2521-0.ch007


Lack of proper diet causes many diseases like night blindness, gum death, rickets, osteomalacia, etc. Similarly, undernutrition will cause a low intelligence quotient (IQ), osteoporosis, anemia, scurvy, pellagra, etc. Over-nutrition will result in obesity, Type II diabetes mellitus, and ischemic heart diseases. Also, the unhygienic intake of food, intake of food on no fixed time, intake of fast food intake of other unhealthy stuff can lead to irregularities in the human body. Adopting healthy habits, physical activity, exercise, sports, and walking can lead to a healthy lifestyle of an individual. In addition, today's busy schedule and less time availability restricts individuals to visit the doctors or nutritionists. Many mobile applications were developed for monitoring and calculating an energy level as well as healthy nutrition. This review chapter has assessed the use and features of various mobile phone health applications, which helps individuals to overcome and monitor the above-mentioned health-related issues.
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2. Background

Even many papers published on nutritional mobile phone applications, no studies yet have been analyzed that covers the functions of various nourishing applications, altogether. Before, individuals utilize conventional dietary evaluation strategies (Pen or Paper), which required day by day recording of every food consumed and its vitality content (Jospe, Fairbairn, Green, & Perry, 2015).

This strategy for recording was challenging especially to get precise outcomes for revealing relationship between diet and health. Besides, record keeping trouble (Either because of lapse of memory or wrong estimation of food size), tediousness, perpetual storage absence, non-simple access to printed record for worldwide analysts, laboriousness for resource inadequate nations, insufficient dietary content knowledge etc. brought about poor checking of individual’s nutrition (Boushey et al., 2017).

Furthermore, the conducted surveys demonstrated that individuals are eager to spend cost on effective nutritional assessment systems (for example paid mobile phone applications), also, adjustment to mobile phones applications, which are used for digitalizing nutritional evaluations, has given a chance to assess intake of nutrients and giving feedback (Carter, Burley, Nykjaer, & Cade, 2013).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Dementia: Dementia is definitely not a specific infirmity. It's a general term that delineates a social event of symptoms related with a reduction in memory or other thinking aptitudes outrageous enough to lessen a person's ability to perform customary activities.

Osteomalacia: A disease occurs in adults because of deficiency of Vitamin D.

Rickets: A disease occurs in children because of deficiency of Vitamin D Causes bowing of legs.

Diabetes Mellitus (DM): Diabetes mellitus is disabled insulin discharge and variable degrees of fringe insulin obstruction prompting hyperglycemia. Early manifestations are identified with hyperglycemia and incorporate polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, and obscured vision.

Adenosine Tri Phosphate (ATP): Adenosine triphosphate is an intricate natural-synthetic that gives vitality to drive numerous procedures in living cells, for example, muscle compression, nerve drive spread, and substance union.

Lipolysis: Breakdown of lipids into fatty acids and glycerol.

Anemia: Disease that occurs due to low Red Cell Count (RCC), characterized by tiredness, confusion, lake of concentration, pallor.

Pellagra: A disease characterized by DDD i.e. diarrhea, dementia and death, caused by deficiency of Niacin (vitamin B3).

Hypertension: Hypertension (HTN or HT), generally called as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long haul ailment where the circulatory strain in the courses is diligently raised. Hypertension normally does not cause side effects.

Night Blindness: Night blindness is one of the feature of vitamin A deficiency in which the person can see properly at night because of deficiency of Rhodopsin (the main product of vitamin A) that play a vital role in visual cycle.

Insomnia: Lack of sleep because of neurological disorders.

Diarrhea Dementia Death (DDD): Determination of pellagra is troublesome without the skin sores and is regularly encouraged by the nearness of trademark ones.

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome: (WKS): it is a neurological issue. Wernicke's encephalopathy and Korsakoff’s psychosis are the intense and incessant stages, separately, of a similar ailment. WKS is brought about by an insufficiency in the B nutrient thiamine. Thiamine assumes a job in using glucose to create vitality for the cerebrum.

Hemolytic Anemia: Hemolytic frailty is a confusion where red platelets are crushed quicker than they can be made. The annihilation of red platelets is called hemolysis. Red platelets convey oxygen to all pieces of your body. On the off chance that you have a lower than typical measure of red platelets, you have sickliness.

Scurvy: disease characterized by bleeding gums, bleeding from mucosal surfaces because of deficiency of vitamin C, this can be cured by taking citrus fruits and vitamin C supplements.

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