Models and Strategies of Peace Education

Models and Strategies of Peace Education

Olga Vorkunova (Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russia)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0078-0.ch004
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Abstract

In this chapter, different approaches to peace education and their historical overview would be discussed. This provides deeper insights into the philosophy and the roots of contemporary peace education programmes. The chapter helps the reader understand better how useful it is to employ all methods of analysis dealt with the peace research, each of which allows us to see only a part of reality of the phenomenon being studied, but which when taken all together in their interrelations and complementarily can help us to understand the object of our study, in this case peace education, more deeply. The chapter will give an idea of the importance of looking at methods, or techniques, of observation to show how they can be used differently according to how a teacher has set up his or her methodology, and how these tools can be freed from the excessive weight of some particular school or view, which tends to deprive the tool of any validity.
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Strategies Of Peace Education

The starting point is that the interest of peace education is emancipatory. Political violence, the threat of violence and the preparation for violence define the subject of peace education. However, peace education should not focus only on avoiding the war and violence, but also on the conditions of positive peace. Moreover, we should not assume the ideal of harmony but allow for conflicts and changes.

The field of peace education has significantly developed over the past decades from the training course in nonviolence to constructive learning about human rights, cooperative values, active communication, conflict resolution, disarmament and peace-building.(Poleo, Antonio & Harris, Ian:252-259). At the same time, after the events of September 11, 2001 peace educators must address radical Islamism and security, understanding both fundamentalist and aggressive practice.

All the existing approaches and methodologies have contributed to the development of this field. However, teachers and professors in peace education in the USA and Europe belong to a group which sought to approach the problem of peace by way of a creative encounter between the third-party roles and parties that are directly involved in conflicts. (Aall, Helsing, & Tidwell:327-349). They developed a diagnosis and prognosis based on a method of dialogue. The standard form is to center discussion on assumptions, and to focus on particular behavior and contradictions.

It is designed to help in formulating suggestions for improved peace education tools, based on critical and comparative approaches to both its theory and practice. This includes the effectiveness of peace education programs in promoting important goals, among them combating global inequalities and centre-periphery divisions on different axes, strengthening social cohesion based on the notions of pluralism, equality and inclusion.

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