Modern Optimization Algorithms and Applications in Solar Photovoltaic Engineering

Modern Optimization Algorithms and Applications in Solar Photovoltaic Engineering

Igor Tyukhov (All-Russian Research Institute for Electrification of Agriculture (VIESH), Russia), Hegazy Rezk (Minia University, Egypt) and Pandian Vasant (Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Malaysia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3817-2.ch072
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Abstract

This chapter is devoted to main tendencies of optimization in photovoltaic (PV) engineering showing the main trends in modern energy transition - the changes in the composition (structure) of primary energy supply, the gradual shift from a traditional (mainly based on fossil fuels) energy to a new stage based on renewable energy systems from history to current stage and to future. The concrete examples (case studies) of optimization PV systems in different concepts of using from power electronics (particularly maximum power point tracking optimization) to implementing geographic information system (GIS) are considered. The chapter shows the gradual shifting optimization from specific quite narrow areas to the new stages of optimization of the very complex energy systems (actually smart grids) based on photovoltaics and also other renewable energy sources and GIS.
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Introduction

All processes in surrounding material world and life on Earth are driven by energy. Vaclav Smil, author of many books on energy, wrote: “…energy’s role in world history seems to be a natural proposition, with history seen as a quest for increased complexity made possible by mastering higher energy flows” (Smil V., 2004). This may be because of an extraordinary difficulty and exceptional nature of the coming energy transition—but, given the enormous challenges of ushering in a post-fossil world, it may also be because of the possibility of an unprecedented and persistent commitment to a rapid change (Smil V., 2010).

Any process can be analyzed in terms of its underlying energy conversions; any object, as well as any bit of information, can be valued for its energy content and for its potential contribution to future energy transformations (Smil V., 2008).

Energy and information are including in the infrastructure of whole activity of modern humankind. Energy and communicative revolutions are the main driving forces in the human development. Education and information are also connecting by very strong relationship. Very often these technologies are considered separately. It is totally incorrect and inappropriate. Table 1 shows roughly the main steps of appearing the new energy, communicational and educational technologies.

Table 1.
Energy, communicative and educational revolutions
Years Ago
(Very Approximately)
Communicative and Educational RevolutionsEnergy RevolutionsStages of Development
10 6Oral communication through languageConquer of fire, biomassForming human society based on additional to biological type energy sources
Renewable energy – first stage
Exchange information between people
10 5Picture and symbol communicationSolar energy, animal energy
104Writing (from internal biological memory to external recorded memory)Wind and hydro energy (from muscles to machines)
103Book printing, forming of scientific systems
Forming schools and universities
Mechanical energy,
Thermal energy (coal, oil, gas)
Using fossil fuels (accumulating solar energy)
Human civilization, scientific and technology revolutions
102System of education
Mass media, radio, TV
Steam energy, electrical energy, atomic energy
101Computers, Internet, MOOCPhotovoltaic revolutionCurrent technology revolution (informatization, robotization, artificial intelligence)
Extra planetary activity
NowPractically total interconnectivity
Satellite communication
Mobile communication
Mass open education
Smart grids,
Energy mixt
Decentralized energy
Space technologies
Near futureGlobal earth and near space communication
Internet of things
Big data technology
Mixt of traditional energy and renewable energy – second stage, new sources of energy
Thermonuclear energy
Global energy system
Energy and information everywhere
Moon and Mars exploitation
FutureTrends of dominating distributed energy and information networks integrating by smart technologies
Global technologies and Internet of everything including energy, artificial intelligence
Solar energy for the future of mankind
Far futureWiden areal of mankind from Earth to near space

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