Morocco

Morocco

İsmail Ermağan (İstanbul Medeniyet University, Turkey) and Volkan İpek (Yeditepe University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2939-2.ch004
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Abstract

Morocco was established as a result of a struggle against the French and Spanish Protectorates, that eventually brought the national independence to its state and people in 1956. Accordingly, the Moroccan interaction with the contemporary world goes back to that year, when Morocco became a nation-state for the very first time in its history. Among the critical events that structure this interaction are the problems in the Western Sahara region that has been making Moroccan political elites superiorize the Moroccanity component of the postcolonial Moroccan national identity, and economic relations with Turkey The purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate the general components of Moroccan state, such as its demography, economy and administration, to analyse the Moroccan economic and sociocultural interaction with its neighborhood and Turkey, and lastly to make some policy suggestions to advance the country's relations with Turkey.
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Background

The position of the authors in this chapter is to show how the Western Sahara issue has had the power to shape Moroccan foreign policy with Sub-Saharan Africa, Europe and the Maghreb regions. Different from the already existing literature that shows how the Western Sahara issue has been shaping Morocco’s relations with the Sahraouis, this chapter shows how Morocco regards the Western Sahara as not only impacting the Sahraouis but also Europeans, Sub-Saharan Africans and North Africans. In addition, the chapter contributes to the literature by presenting how Morocco and Turkey have interacted with each other. It also highlights a number of common features they share. After gaining independence for example, both countries formed their national identity through Islam. Furthermore, they both quested at the same time becoming members of the European Economic Community. And finally, both would like to create a sphere of influence in Sub-Saharan Africa to promote its foreign trade volume and state prestige.

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