Multi-Criteria Decision Aid for Sustainable Energy Prioritization Using Fuzzy Axiomatic Design

Multi-Criteria Decision Aid for Sustainable Energy Prioritization Using Fuzzy Axiomatic Design

Basar Oztaysi (Istanbul Technical University, Turkey), Mine Isik (Istanbul Technical University, Turkey) and Secil Ercan (Istanbul Technical University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4852-4.ch013
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Sustainability has gained tremendous importance and has been an important issue both for policy makers and practitioners. Realizing that the resources on the earth are limited, renewable energy alternatives have flourished and started to replace the conventional energy alternatives. Energy planning using different energy alternatives, for the long term becomes a vital decision. In this study, fuzzy multi criteria decision- making methodologies, axiomatic design (AD) and analytic hierarchy process (AHP) are utilized for ranking both renewable and conventional energy alternatives. In the first phase AHP is utilized to determine the importance of the criteria and in the second phase fuzzy AD is used to evaluate the experts’ assessments. In the case study, both conventional and renewable energy alternatives are evaluated according to technical, economical, air quality and site selection perspectives. The case study results show that the renewable energy alternatives (biomass, geothermal power and wind) perform better than the conventional energy resources.
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2. Literature Review

2.1. Sustainable Energy

According to the Brundtlandt Commission report (1983) that defined sustainable development as a process meeting “the needs of the present without compromising the ability of further generations to meet their own needs,” the importance of “sustainability” become a noteworthy area of concern (Carrera & Mack, 2010).

Although the necessity of any kind of energy resources in order to improve the quality of life is indisputable, the usage of some resources have negative effects on the ecosystems such as the emission of the greenhouse gases and this requires a shift away from the current fossil fuel-based energy paradigm to sustainable energy technologies.

The sustainable development has been the subject of wide- ranging discussion and debate within government, non-government and academic community (Bilgen et al., 2008; Omer, 2008; Hofman & Li, 2009; Pereira et al., 2008; Jovanovic et al., 2009).

Sustainability can be seen as the final goal: a balance of social and economic activities and the environment (Hofman & Li, 2009).

Energy systems of today are largely driven by the combustion of fossil fuels. The emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), the depletion of natural resources and the risks on the security of energy supply are the major consequences of the demand of fossil fuels (Neves & Leal, 2010). So this situation causes to raise a “selection problem of energy resource.”

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