Multiculturalism, Morality, and Secondary Secularisation: CoSA or Common Good in Practice

Multiculturalism, Morality, and Secondary Secularisation: CoSA or Common Good in Practice

Marie Chollier (MMU, UK & CRIR-AVS PACA, France) and Mariateresa Tassinari (European University Viadrina, Germany & CPCM-ME, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1955-3.ch015
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Abstract

Starting from secularisation and its social counterpart, namely the institutional roles and functions of religious bodies being replaced by scientific disciplines or rationales, this chapter aims at providing an analytical approach of restorative justice, focusing on chaplaincy interventions in prison and probation settings. A case study of the Circle of Support and Accountability (CoSA) following a structural and moral analysis is provided. CoSA origin and expansion are developed to understand how a religious initiative became within less than two decades a standardised intervention. This process is described as secondary secularisation to illustrate how secular and religious morals find a common ground by building common good through practices.
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Society, Sex Offenders, And The Rehabilitation Challenge

The prison population consists of more than 400,000 people in Europe and around 85,000 in the UK (Walmsley, 2015). Prison is a singular environment and national penal policies have to address issues as diverse as the population’s feeling of insecurity, the need for justice, sentencing options, and routes to rehabilitation. The abolition of the death penalty led to new policies, legal apparatus and sentences to control offenders population, such as national registration (and in several countries public disclosure), or new form of life sentence (under specified conditions, see section 225 Criminal Justice Act 2003). Sex offenders are a particular type of such offenders, given the nature of their act and social perception (Frost, 2010). How can a society compromise between safety, security (maintaining social cohesion) and the human rights of (sex) offenders (Boutellier, 2011)? Does the oscillation between rehabilitation, desistance process1 (Farral and Caverley, 2006) and risk management (Bonta, 2002) rely on facts, science or beliefs (Harcourt, 2007, 2010)?

Key Terms in this Chapter

Secularisation: Historical process in which religious institutional power is replaced by civil society.

Desistance: Cessation of a behaviour, here offending behaviour.

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