Natural Computing

Natural Computing

Leandro Nunes de Castro (Catholic University of Santos (UniSantos), Brazil)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-553-5.ch367
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Abstract

There are several artifacts developed by taking inspiration from natural organisms and phenomena. For instance, Velcro was inspired by a plant burr, bullet- proof vests were inspired by spider silk, sonars were inspired by bats, airplanes were motivated by the flying of birds, and the list goes on. The observation of nature has also allowed the development of several laws and theories that describe how parts of nature work; the laws of physics are a great example – laws of thermodynamics (conservation, entropy, and absolute zero); laws of movement (Newton’s laws); laws of electromagnetism (Maxwell’s laws); and others. They are used to explain the trajectories, attraction and other aspects of objects.

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