Need for Rethinking Modern Urban Planning Strategies Through Integration of ICTs

Need for Rethinking Modern Urban Planning Strategies Through Integration of ICTs

Rounaq Basu (Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India) and Arnab Jana (Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7661-7.ch045

Abstract

Recent progress in ICTs have paved the way for innovative services and interactive models and tools. Citizen participation and open innovation have become essential tools for urban planners. These concepts can be implemented through the crowdsourcing model, which is a people-centric approach to solve societal problems using Web 2.0 technologies. This has led to the collection and sharing of geocoded data through GIS. The large amount of data required is one of the drawbacks of GIS. However, collecting such data within short duration at minimum cost has now become possible through the development of web-based surveys coupled with use of DBMS. The effectiveness and importance of these three tools (crowdsourcing, GIS, and DBMS) in modern and future urban planning strategies cannot be undermined. In conclusion, the authors argue that integration of urban policies, modern technologies, and fundamental concepts of engineering will lead to discovery of new solutions to important age-old urban problems.
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Background

Crowdsourcing is a relatively new concept that incorporates a variety of services and activities. It can be characterized by any category of collaborative activity over the internet (Estellés-Arolas & González-Ladrón-de-Guevara, 2012). Crowdsourcing involves mechanisms that aim to leverage the collective intelligence of users for a productive outcome (Brabham, 2009). Jeffrey Howe coined the term ‘crowdsourcing’ in an issue of Wired Magazine (Howe, 2006). Simply put, crowdsourcing harnesses the joint creativity of the public by creating an open call for proposals through Web 2.0 technologies in the hope of innovative and more robust solutions (Seltzer & Mahmoudi, 2013).

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