Neuroscience in FPGA and Application in IoT

Neuroscience in FPGA and Application in IoT

Anjali Daisy (SASTRA University (Deemed), India)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9806-0.ch005

Abstract

Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary science that is focused with the study of the structure and function of the nervous system. It contains the evolution, development, cellular and molecular biology, physiology, anatomy, and pharmacology of the nervous system, as well as computational, interactive, and cognitive neuroscience. A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit (IC) that can be programmed in the field after production. FPGAs are likely in principle to have vastly wider potential application than programmable read-only memory (PROM) chips. Internet of things (IoT) is an integrated part of future internet including existing and evolving internet and network developments and could be conceptually defined as a worldwide dynamic network infrastructure with self-configuring capabilities based on standard and interoperable protocols communication where physical and virtual “things” have identities, physical attributes, and virtual personalities.
Chapter Preview
Top

Introduction

Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary science that is focused with the study of the structure and function of the nervous system. It contains the evolution, development, cellular and molecular biology, physiology, anatomy and pharmacology of the nervous system, as well as computational, interactive and cognitive neuroscience.

FPGA: Field Programmable Gate Array

A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit (IC) that can be programmed in the field after production. FPGAs are likely in principle to, but have vastly wider potential application than, programmable read-only memory (PROM) chips.

Top

Fpga Algorithm Application

Internet of Things (IoT) is an integrated part of future internet including existing and evolving internet and network developments and could be conceptually defined as a worldwide dynamic network infrastructure with self configuring capabilities based on standard and interoperable protocols communication where physical and virtual “things” have identities, physical attributes, and virtual personalities, use intelligent interfaces, and are seamlessly integrated into the information network(). Internet of Things In the IoT, “smart things / objects” are expected to become active participants in business, data and social processes where they are enabled to interact and communicate among them-selves and with the environment by exchanging data and information “Sensed” about the environment, while reacting autonomously to the “real / physical world” events and influencing it by running processes that trigger actions and create services without direct human with or intervention.(1)The IERC definition AIMS to coin the IoT paradigm and concept by unifying the different statements and many visions referred to as a “Things,” “Internet,” “Semantics,” “Object Identification” oriented definitions of Internet of Things promoted by individuals and organizations around the world (Burger & Schiele, 2018).

FPGA-based hardware web services have already been implemented and described. Their nature embedded allows developers to adapt easily those services to actively interact with their environment, e.g. Real-world to acquire measurement data or controlling various actuators. Such entities can be called environment-aware web services in contrast to classical web services that work on remote physical or virtual machines. Despite the fact that environment-aware web services may be implemented using much less expensive MCUs and sequential code, programmable hardware may perform better where very intensive computational tasks involved. At times of lower utilization they can be reconfigured to offer additional resources as spare their data-processing web services (Kapoor, Graves-Abe, & Pei, 2006). Whenever a task is more intensive processing to be performed, their resources can be employed back to the devices original provide functionality. This concept can be applied to regulate past that devices offer no web service compliance. In the latter case, however, we would lose some useful features: such as interoperability or the ability to use the management software tools available already etc. Important areas that use the IoT and web service concepts are the Smart Home and Smart Building. In order to provide IoT services in Smart Home / Smart Building environments, the authors propose a Web-of-Objects in the IoT platform service environment (Guinard, 2011). This platform has-been designed in order to create user-cantered services IoT. In Addition, complex services can be developed by combining elements of existing web services.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) will transform how we engage with the world and is already the fastest growing workload for data centres. Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) can accelerate AI-related workloads. It makes perfect sense that Intel purchased Altera, a leading company specializing in FPGAs, in December 2015 (for $16.7 billion). Intel has integrated Altera’s IP to improve performance and power efficiency and to enable reprogramming for custom chips that account for a more significant share of server chip shipments. Intel’s Data Center Group is the most money-making group at Intel, driven by the growth in “big data” and cloud servers. AI is one of the fastest growth drivers for cloud services.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset