Notions of Maritime Green Supply Chain Management

Notions of Maritime Green Supply Chain Management

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7362-3.ch085
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Maritime supply chain is arguably the most imperative service sector for facilitating intercontinental trade globally. Within these complex supply chain systems, shipping organizations, port authorities, and import-export firms collaborate and cooperate with each other in the broader management context of maritime logistics. Meanwhile, increasing environmental concerns have forced global maritime organizations to implement sustainability in their operation. MGSCM is a recent focus within the sustainable supply chain body of literature with ample room for understanding its challenges and opportunities. With that in mind, the objective of this chapter is to review the literature on the development of GSCM and conceptualizing the notion of MGSCM concept in maritime context derived from GSCM, respectively. This chapter is unique because it addresses the complex dimension of sustainability in maritime supply chain and tries to define it in line with the existing GSCM context. The findings of this chapter show that GSCM can be extended into the maritime perspective to define MGSCM.
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Intercontinental trade relies heavily on maritime transportations to carry various cargoes for catalyzing global import-export trade. Roughly about 80% of international trade by volume and over 70% by value is carried by maritime operations globally (Cheng, Farahani, Lai, & Sarkis, 2015). As a vital component of life-line trade for various manufacturing companies all over the world, maritime supply chain have established new opportunities and unforeseeable challenges. The challenges faced by maritime supply chain dampened in the increased rate of climate change and global warming during the precedent decade (Lai, Lun, Wong, & Cheng, 2011). In this respect, carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) are emitted through the burning of fossil fuels from maritime transportation are responsible for a host of global environmental concerns. Playing the critical role as a major transportation and intermediary to assist trade flows in the global supply chain (Wong, Lai, & Cheng, 2009; Yang, Marlow, & Lu, 2009), many issues have been raised in operational context of maritime supply chain especially on environmental issues. As such, environmental protection has been extensively discussed by stakeholders, businesses, authorities as well as political leaders globally (e.g., Boykoff & Yulsman, 2013; Boykoff, 2009; Revkin, 2009; Rosenthal, 2009). In scholarly field, there has also been a surge in researches committed to address the related issues of environmental issues (e.g., Lee & Kim, 2011; Ostrom, 2008; Wong, Lai, Shang, Lu, & Leung, 2012). The tightened environmental regulations imposed by International Maritime Organization (IMO) to the maritime sectors also contribute to this rising green trend (Sulaiman, Akmar, & Michel, 2013). As a result of this ‘green’ pressure, numerous maritime organizations have gradually begun to react to environmental concerns by embracing green supply chain management (GSCM) and other sustainability concept in their supply chain operations (Lai et al., 2011).

To the author’s limited knowledge, relatively a small amount of studies have discussed GSCM dimension in the context of the maritime supply chain as well as sustainable notion of maritime green supply chain management (MGSCM). Preceding studies have stressed on tangible aspect of maritime operation such as sewage pollution, air pollution, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Cariou, 2011; Corbett, Wang, & Winebrake, 2009; Giziakis & Christodoulou, 2012; Hoffmann, Eide, & Endresen, 2012; Lirn, Lin, & Shang, 2014) but no intangible aspect in term of organizational management perspective of internal or external organizational capabilities can be found. If there is, it is literally a new domain in maritime supply chain and it is sensible to fill the gap in the literature by examining the GSCM dimensions that can be conceptualize towards defining the notion of MGSCM. Accordingly, the purpose of this paper is not to investigate empirically the dimension of MGSCM but to identify key GSM capability factors and examine the accountability of the GSCM concept to be aligned with MGSCM’s notion of sustainability in the context of maritime supply chain. Thus, in the subsequent chapters, we would discuss on preceding literature with regard of GSCM definition and theory as well as MGSCM notion conceptualized from GSCM to support this paper.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM): Is about assurance to all usual and traditional supply chain deliveries while integrating the social and environmental concern in every phase of supply chain system to ultimately diminish or lessen product’s ecological footprint.

Supply Chain Management (SCM): Defined as managing flow of materials, information, and finances as they move in a process from supplier to manufacturer to wholesaler to retailer to consumer.

Maritime Green Supply Chain Management (MGSCM): Defined as integrating environmental concerns and practices into the inter-organizational practices of SCM in maritime context to ease the flow of operation in maritime supply chain system.

Maritime Supply Chain: Defined as the movement of cargoes and related support service involving two substantial locations using maritime and land transportations.

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