Offline and Online Customer Satisfaction in B2C Markets: Towards an Overall Customer Satisfaction Framework

Offline and Online Customer Satisfaction in B2C Markets: Towards an Overall Customer Satisfaction Framework

Barbara Aquilani (Tuscia University, Italy), Elsa Serpico (Tuscia University, Italy), Cecilia Silvestri (Tuscia University, Italy) and Alessandro Ruggieri (Tuscia University, Italy)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 54
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6547-7.ch014


The chapter by Aquilani, Serpico, Silvestri, and Ruggieri explores online and offline customer satisfaction in B2C markets. The authors emphasize that building strong relationships with customers is of even higher strategic relevance in dynamic and competitive environments implying that firms must continuously work towards ever higher levels of experienced customer satisfaction. The objectives of this conceptual work are threefold: (1) to review customer satisfaction studies in both offline and online environments and their relationships with customer relationship management both offline and online, (2) to analyze tools and methods already used to measure it, and (3) to propose a new and comprehensive theoretical framework that helps evaluate overall customer satisfaction. The framework considers both offline and online customer satisfaction antecedents, being aware of the different weight and effects they have on e-customer satisfaction. This depends on the context in which they have been created and previously applied to, as well as considering the website as a moderator in the relationship between offline antecedents of customer satisfaction (prior experience, brand, quality, price, etc.) and overall customer satisfaction. Thus, the latter would come from both offline antecedents of customers' satisfaction and website quality dimensions, namely information, services, and system quality.
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A famous quote of John Chambers (CEO of Cisco Systems) “Put your customer at the center of your culture” highlights the importance of successfully building strong relationships with customers, where customer centric marketing concepts (RM, CRM, CKM, Behavioral Branding and Cause Related Marketing) are essential. The final goal firms must take into account is continuously satisfying customer needs and desires, creating and supporting even higher brand or product loyalty levels, through even higher customer satisfaction (CS). Because of its great importance, CS and its features in the offline environment have been studied by researchers worldwide (e.g., Anderson & Weitz, 1989; Mohr & Speckman, 1994; Jones & Sasser Jr., 1995; Kumar, 1996; Oliver, 1999; Reichheld & Schefter, 2000; Costabile, 2001).

The advent of Web 2.0 and the pervasive role that it progressively occupies in firm CRM strategies has called for a new research area: the e-CS.

Recently different aspects of e-CS have been studied: its value in building strong online relationships with customers, its antecedents and drivers, some new scales and tools to measure specially e-CS, different from those created to measure offline CS, its impact on other variables such as repurchase intention, e-loyalty, complaint and recovery behaviors, etc. (see the different paragraphs of the second section of the chapter). From these contributions it is clear that further studies should be developed in each of these areas, but also none of the authors has developed a comprehensive framework which simultaneously considers on the one hand the direct impact of offline drivers and website features on overall customer satisfaction (OCS), and on the other, the moderator effect the website has on offline antecedents of CS. Thus, we aim to fill this gap in literature.

The chapter is organized as follows. The first section discusses the offline literature distinguishing between the relationship between CS and customer relationship management (CRM), the concept of CS, its measurement tools and methodologies, which have drastically changed over the years.

The second section reviews the literature on the relationship between e-CS and e-CRM, the concept of e-CS, its drivers and effects and the tools used over the years to measure it.

The third describes the proposed framework of overall customer satisfaction developed from B2C markets. We conclude suggesting further future research avenues, and draw some conclusions.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Offline Environment: Can be intended as the traditional field in which firm-customer relationships take place (e.g., point of sale).

Web 2.0 Tools: Interactive virtual instruments as social networks, corporate blogs, podcasts, folksonomy, RSS, etc. which can enhance communication and collaboration between firms and their customers (but not only) in a continuous and personalized way.

E-Customer Satisfaction (e-CS): The customer satisfaction built by firms and experienced by customers thanks to the Internet.

E-Customer Relationship Management (e-CRM): An additional channel to sustain customer relationships which results from the combination of marketing activities, tools and techniques delivered via the Internet.

Measurement Tools: Can be intended as all instruments/supports, from interviews to questionnaires, both qualitative and quantitative able to evaluate a given phenomenon.

Customer Relationship Management (CRM): The process which allows to create, maintain and develop customer relationships through firm value delivering over time.

Customer Satisfaction (CS): A particular feeling of delight or disappointment deriving from the comparison between product/service performance and personal expectations. It comes from the comparison between expected and realized performance of a product/service.

Online Environment: Can be intended as all virtual facilities firms can shape and use to keep in touch with the external ‘world’.

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