Online Shopping and Catalog Shopping: Exogenous and Endogenous Antecedents of Consumers' Channel Choice

Online Shopping and Catalog Shopping: Exogenous and Endogenous Antecedents of Consumers' Channel Choice

Maria Madlberger (Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, Austria)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 23
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-822-2.ch010
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Abstract

Multi-channel retailing can offer a wide range of synergies for retailers when their distribution channels accommodate consumer’s preferences and their buying behavior. Among the large number of retail types, mail-order companies are well suited to benefit from electronic commerce. Not only can they use their infrastructure and experience with direct selling, but many mail-order companies also seek to use the Internet to attract new target groups to increase their typically small and narrow customer bases. Currently, we do not know enough about the antecedents of channel choices, especially in the mail-order sector. This paper addresses this issue and draws special attention to exogenous (i.e. independent of the retailer) factors influencing online shopping behavior. These variables include perceived convenience and perceived security of online shopping in general and consumers’ attitudes toward the catalog as the existing distribution channel. One endogenous factor, i.e. attitude toward the online shop, is assumed to influence buying behavior at the online shop. To examine relationships between the catalog and the online shop, 2,363 consumers who are familiar with both distribution channels of a mail-order company were surveyed online. The structural equation model developed reveals that attitudes toward the printed catalog most strongly influence attitudes toward the online shop. Further, the analysis has shown that antecedents of buying behavior at the online shop are moderated by gender. Shopping behavior of men is influenced by their attitudes toward the catalog, while that of women is determined by their attitudes toward the online shop.

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