Ontology Learning from a Domain Web Corpus

Ontology Learning from a Domain Web Corpus

Roberto Navigli (University of Rome "La Sapienza", Italy)
Copyright: © 2005 |Pages: 30
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-414-9.ch004
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Abstract

Domain ontologies are widely recognized as a key element for the so-called semantic Web, an improved, “semantic aware” version of the World Wide Web. Ontologies define concepts and interrelationships in order to provide a shared vision of a given application domain. Despite the significant amount of work in the field, ontologies are still scarcely used in Web-based applications. One of the main problems is the difficulty in identifying and defining relevant concepts within the domain. In this chapter, we provide an approach to the problem, defining a method and a tool, OntoLearn, aimed at the extraction of knowledge from Websites, and more generally from documents shared among the members of virtual organizations, to support the construction of a domain ontology. Exploiting the idea that a corpus of documents produced by a community is the most representative (although implicit) repository of concepts, the method extracts a terminology, provides a semantic interpretation of relevant terms and populates the domain ontology in an automatic manner. Finally, further manual corrections are required from domain experts in order to achieve a rich and usable knowledge resource.

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