Open Source – Collaborative Innovation

Open Source – Collaborative Innovation

Avi Messica (The College of Management, Rishon-Lezion, Israel)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-456-7.ch508
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Abstract

This chapter reviews the current status of Open Source (OS) and provides new insights into the prerequisites of the OS process as well as the profile of OS contributors. Moreover, it extends the scope of possible business models such to augment those that exist or were already discussed in the past. While the term OS was coined in the context of software development and redistribution, this chapter presents and discusses the concept of OS to include any Open Collaborative Innovation in both software and hardware.
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Introduction

The term Open Source (OS) was coined, as implied, to represent a software code that is usually distributed in the form of a high level programming language – in contrast to machine, compiled, code – and is freely copied, redistributed as well as modifiable by users at no cost. This description differentiates OS software from Freeware software that can be freely copied/ downloaded from the web for personal use but is distributed as (binary) executable machine code and most commonly restricted to personal use. It also differs from public domain software that is available to the public and is uncontrolled (more formal definition is available at www.arduino.cc for example).

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