Operational Production Structures Used in the Multi-Serving System

Operational Production Structures Used in the Multi-Serving System

I. C. Dima, Jozef Novac-Marcincin
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 25
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2818-2.ch014
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In terms of organisation, the production achieved by polyservice of machines and equipment implies the existence of some independent organisational links. The organisation of the polyservice activity by departments and workshops inside of which great importance should be given to the system of grouping the machines and equipment, studying the optimal conditions to locate them. Organising the production by single or multiple object, continuous or discontinuous flow, manufacturing lines takes into account: the parameters of the flow line, parameters concerning the labour force, the parameters of the machine-tools, technological parameters, etc. Another form of organising the production obtained through polyservice is the production departments in the composition of which there are numerically and automatically controlled machine tools. Organising the production obtained through polyservice may also be done in production departments, in the composition of which there are the transfer machine-tools, processing centres, and manufacturing cells. Organising the flexible manufacturing systems takes into account: the number of benchmarks that will be processed, reduction of the duration to design and make new products, typification and modulation of SDVs, equipping the machines and equipment with standardised SDVs, etc. The most efficient organisational form is the production departments in the composition of which there are the flexible manufacturing cells provided with industrial robots.
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Organising The Production By Lines Of Flow Manufacturing Lines

The structural form of organisation by “object” is a higher form of the processing procedure, which can be applied under the conditions when the production serial feature allows the application of the flow manufacturing organising system.

From studying the similarities of the parts to be processed, directed towards emphasising the technological analogies, conditions for grouping several similar parts may be achieved, which shall lead to increasing the serial feature of production.

However, in this case there also occurs a diversification in that it is necessary to process simultaneously some sets of different parts. In order to be able to realise the serial feature, the batch of parts should be changed more frequently, thusly creating the conditions for successively processing some finished products (Courtois, Pillet, & Martin, 2000).

The problem of rationalising the organisation of flow manufacture, for the small and medium production with a high degree of diversification, lies in organising technological lines with an increased flexibility which would allow the provision of continuance of the processing procedure on the one hand, and on the other hand, it would allow the change of parts in course of production with minimum disturbances, within the ability limits of that line. As structural organisational form, the category of lines with multiple or polyvalent objects allowing the simultaneous manufacture of technologically similar processes and indicating flexibility in relation to changing the production load correspond to this flow manufacturing type.

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