Optimum Design of a New Hysteretic Dissipater

Optimum Design of a New Hysteretic Dissipater

Dora Foti (Technical University of Bari, Italy) and Riccardo Nobile (University of Salento, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2029-2.ch012
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Abstract

In this chapter, a new seismic protection device is proposed. It is designed to dissipate the energy entering a structure subject to seismic action through the activation of hysteresis loops of the material that composes it. These devices are characterized by a high capacity to absorb the seismic energy and the ability to concentrate the damage on it and, consequently, to keep the structure and the structural parts undamaged. Moreover, after a seismic event they can be easily replaced. In particular, this chapter proposes a new shear device that shows the plasticity of some areas of the device at low load levels. In order to maximize the amount of dissipated energy, the design of the device was performed by requiring that the material be stressed in an almost uniform way. In particular, the device is designed to concentrate energy dissipation for plasticity in the aluminum core while the steel parts are responsible to make stiffer the device, limiting out-of-plane instability phenomena. The geometric configuration that maximizes the energy dissipation has been determined using a structural optimization routine of finite element software.

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