The Origin and Current Status of Cyberpsychology in Russia

The Origin and Current Status of Cyberpsychology in Russia

Alexander Voiskounsky (Moscow Lomonosov State University, Russia)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0315-8.ch106


Theory, history (several decades long), and the current status of the studies in cyberpsychology in the USSR and later in Russia are presented in a condensed form. Socio-historic theory of psychic development, introduced by Vygotsky in 1930s, and particularly ideas of semiotic mediation, seem to offer the best perspectives in cyberpsychological studies. A brief historic overview in this article combines general conclusions and personal memories. Directions of the current studies are briefly described as well. This section starts with studies made within the new communities which emerged with the advance of information technologies; special attention is given to hackers and gamers. The section proceeds with the studies of children’s behavior on the Internet. Finally, research in the field of Internet Addiction Disorder is discussed. The current status of cyberpsychology as a non-universally accepted discipline, in which new generations of specialists are deeply interested, is discussed. Methodological work is presented as the major source of progress in the near future. The reference section includes publications in English and several recommended books which are available exclusively in Russian.
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The Origin Of Studies In Cyberpsychology In Russia

The initial breakthroughs, which resulted in accelerated development of the Internet, are known to take start in 1969. During the first decades of its development, the terminology sounded mainly as “computer-mediated interaction”, “computer-mediated communication” (or CMC), “computer telecommunications” and “computer networking”. For at least two decades, the word ‘Internet’, coined in 1970s as a technical term and derived from the ‘Internet Transmission Control Program’, was not in use in the studies of human behavior. This means that the earliest studies in the field did not have ‘Internet’ in the titles of papers and names of conferences, while ‘CMC’ was a frequently used abbreviation.

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