Palazzo Dei Tribunali in Via Giulia: Design, Survey, and Analysis – The Footprint of a Building Designed by Bramante

Palazzo Dei Tribunali in Via Giulia: Design, Survey, and Analysis – The Footprint of a Building Designed by Bramante

Emanuela Chiavoni (Sapienza University of Rome, Italy), Francesca Porfiri (Sapienza University of Rome, Italy) and Gaia Lisa Tacchi (Sapienza University of Rome, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0675-1.ch007
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Abstract

The study presents the very first results of research carried out on the Palazzo dei Tribunali in via Giulia, designed by Bramante but realised only in part. The only fragments that have survived are a few portions of a massive ashlar masonry structure, which characterized the base of the palace. The objective of the research was to carry out an analysis of the site but one that would combine the documentary biblio-iconographic aspect of the study – which would take full account of existing and published articles – with an enquiry based on a direct approach to the site within the metric and perspective-visual frame of reference. This type of analysis can be carried out through direct observation “in situ” and through an integrated digital survey campaign on various levels. This study can be considered an important contribution to the knowledge of the Palazzo and to the documentation of Cultural Heritage.
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Background

Wherefore Bramante made a beginning with the palace that is to be seen by S. Biagio sul Tevere, wherein there is still an unfinished Corinthian temple, a thing of rare excellence. The rest of this beginning is in rustic work, and most beautiful; and it is a great pity that a work so honourable, useful, and magnificent, which is held by the masters of the profession to be the most beautiful example of design in that kind that has ever been seen, should not have been finished. (Vasari, 1550)

The construction of Palazzo dei Tribunali is just one of the numerous events which, in the early sixteenth century, led to the creation of Via Giulia, the main street of an urban plan for the City of Rome. The urban plan, commissioned by Pope Julius II and designed by Donato Bramante, was obviously political in nature.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Architectural Intangible Heritage: Specific qualities that indicates its belonging to a physical-geographical and historical-cultural context.

Architectural Survey Project: The intentions of the survey process and its strategies, methods and instruments.

Visual Surveying: Proportionate drawings, in double orthogonal projection, useful as preliminary knowledge basis on which define the survey project of an artifact.

3D Laser Scanning: Advanced technology for indirect building’s survey of artifacts that allows the acquisition of points in the space.

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