Peace Education in Pakistan: A Case Study of the Centre for Dialogue and Action, FC College University

Peace Education in Pakistan: A Case Study of the Centre for Dialogue and Action, FC College University

Amineh Ahmed Hoti (Forman Christian College, Pakistan) and Zahid Shahab Ahmed (National University of Sciences and Technology, Pakistan)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0078-0.ch017
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Abstract

Context last year brought deep sadness and great grief to many people - including and especially the students, parents and staff in schools across Pakistan and across the world in response to children being massacred brutally at a school in KPK, Pakistan. Schools, colleges, and universities, as a result, have been converted into fortresses and a thriving business for security-wallas. A case study of this program will be prepared through both qualitative and quantitative data examining the impact of FCCU's peace education program. We are hoping that this work would initiate the process of introducing peace education interventions in Pakistan at regional and global levels. This chapter will also help other peace education programs to learn from FCCU's approach of peacebuilding.
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Types Of Peace

In broader sense there are two meanings of the word peace. The first is more or less synonymous with ‘peacefulness’ or ‘peace and quiet’. The second is the absence of war. We can also classify peace as negative peace and positive peace.

  • Negative Peace

Negative Peace is the nonexistence of direct violence which may be physical, verbal, and psychological between individuals, groups, and governments.

The concept of negative peace deals with instantaneous symptoms, the conditions of war, and the use and effects of force and weapons. Words and images that expose the horror of war and its consequences are often used by writers, artists, and citizen groups in their efforts to stop it.

  • Positive Peace

Positive Peace is more than the nonexistence of violence; it is the existence of social justice through equal opportunity, a fair distribution of power and resources, equal protection and impartial enforcement of law.

The concept of positive peace incorporates the eradication of the root causes of war, violence, and injustice and the conscious endeavor to construct a society that reflects these commitments. Positive peace assumes an interconnectedness of all life.

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Peace Education

Peace education is an indispensable component of excellence basic education. Peace education in UNICEF refers to the process of promoting the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values needed to bring about behavior transformation that will enable children, youth and adults to turn aside conflict and violence, both overt and structural; to resolve conflict peacefully; and to create the conditions conducive to peace, whether at an intrapersonal, interpersonal, intergroup, national or international level.

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