Perception of Residents on Ecotourism in Uttarakhand

Perception of Residents on Ecotourism in Uttarakhand

Shalini Singh (Sunbeam College for Women, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9908-3.ch006
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Abstract

Uttarakhand has immense tourism potential for growth of tourist traffic. With the adverse effect of mass tourism and a growing environmental awareness, ecotourism now represents the fastest growing sub sector of the tourism industry, generating billions of dollars annually. Ecotourism plays an important role in economic, socio- cultural and environmental development of the society. Therefore the present research answers the question as to how does ecotourism affect the local community, economy, culture and the environment. According to the collected data the results of the study indicated that when residents in the community were asked to reveal ecotourism impacts, they assessed the perception of impacts in both negative and positive ways.
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Need And Significance Of The Study

Uttarakhand has immense ecotourism potential for growth of tourist traffic and to provide lively hood to local communities. It is undoubtedly India’s most beautiful canvas studded with green strokes, wild splash and quaint highlights. Ecotourism holds a very bright future and has acquired a great significance in the recent times but this potential has not been tapped effectively. The importance of environmental education is an important component of ecotourism. It has both positive and negative impacts. As concern grows over the loss of natural heritage in the area, it appears that this is the ideal time to facilitate ecologically and socially responsible to support the local community. Therefore the present study evaluates the perceptions of environmental, economical and socio-cultural impact of ecotourism in Uttarakhand.

Study Area:

In the present research, Uttarakhand has been selected as it has immense ecotourism potential for growth of tourist traffic. It is divided into two broad regions Garhwal and Kumaon. So, Hardwar, (Rishikesh) and Dehradun, (Mussoorie) districts from Garhwal region and Nanital, (Corbet National Park) and Almora from Kumaon region were selected deliberately by the researcher.

Data Collection Techniques

The present study makes use of both primary as well as secondary data. For the selection of sample, Convenience sampling method was applied in this survey. Wide range of data was collected through secondary sources mainly from Directorate of Tourism Dehradun. References from research papers, books, articles, internets and newspapers were taken appropriately for interpretation of data.

Survey Instrument

The questionnaire that was used for the local people perception regarding the environmental and socio-cultural impact of ecotourism consisted of two sections. The first part of the questionnaire gathered demographic information. The second part consisted of item that utilizes a 5- point Liker scale. The anchors include strongly agree, agree, undecided, disagree, strongly disagree

Sample Size

Respondents younger than age 18 were automatically excluded. A total sample size of 110 local people participated in the study.

Research Question:

How Does Ecotourism Affect the Quality of Life of Local Community?

Data Processing:

In this study the method of collecting and gathering data from a part of population was used by the structured questionnaire. The software approach for the data analysis in this research was SPSS 12.version.

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