Personal Computers, Mass Media, and Other Uses of Free Time

Personal Computers, Mass Media, and Other Uses of Free Time

John P. Robinson (University of Maryland, USA), Meyer Kestnbaum (University of Maryland, USA) and Andrew Kohut (Pew Center, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-878289-86-5.ch013
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Abstract

One measure of the impact of the personal computer is in terms of its time displacement of other activities; mass media generally are considered a prime candidate given the on-line profusion of information and entertainment services. This article compares the daily mass media habits and other leisure activities of heavy, light and non users of personal computers and on-line services based on 1994-95 and 1997 national surveys. No significant or consistent evidence of time displacement of mass media was found. Indeed, heavier computer usage was associated with significantly greater use of print media and other cultural uses of free time, even after multivariate adjustment. It was concluded that at this early stage of diffusion, personal computers may have more in common with “time enhancing” home appliances (like the telephone, automobile and washing machine) than with television. Nonetheless, more complete time-diary studies are needed to identify the full temporal effects of the personal computer, much as they did for television.

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