Pervasive Computing Applications, Technologies, and Challenges for E-Health

Pervasive Computing Applications, Technologies, and Challenges for E-Health

Thienne Johnson (University of Sao Paulo, Brazil), Eleri Cardozo (State University of Campinas, Brazil) and Eliane Gomes Guimarães (Information Technology Center Renato Archer, Brazil)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-843-2.ch012
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The pervasive computing paradigm offers many tools to facilitate health care applications. It allows more robust local and remote monitoring applications, because of many personal acquired contexts that can be used to provide better specialized health services, such as emergency, elderly care, etc. This chapter provides an overview of pervasive environments for eHealth applications. The most common applications and some technologies used to provide pervasive computing environment to collect information for the eHealth applications will be described. Some challenge issues that need research and discussion will be presented, such as security, use of context, user acceptance and performance requirements.
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E Health Applications

Accordingly to Bednarcikova et al (2008), eHealth stands for “medical informatics, public health and business, referring to health services and information delivered or enhanced through the Internet and related technologies” (p. 283).

Health informatics (eHealth) applications encompass a range of services, such as Electronic Medical Records, Telemedicine, Telepresence and m-Health (mobile Health). Many of them use Electronic Health Records (HER), which refers to an individual patient's medical record in digital format. EHR may be composed of Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) from many sources, e.g., hospitals and doctors’ offices.

In this section we present some eHealth applications and how they can be integrated into pervasive environments.

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