Physical Data Warehousing Design

Physical Data Warehousing Design

Ladjel Bellatreche (LISI/ENSMA, France) and Mukesh Mohania (IBM India Research Lab, India)
Copyright: © 2005 |Pages: 6
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-557-3.ch171
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Abstract

Recently, organizations have increasingly emphasized applications in which current and historical data are analyzed and explored comprehensively, identifying useful trends and creating summaries of the data in order to support high-level decision making. Every organization keeps accumulating data from different functional units, so that they can be analyzed (after integration), and important decisions can be made from the analytical results. Conceptually, a data warehouse is extremely simple. As popularized by Inmon (1992), it is a “subject-oriented, integrated, time-invariant, non-updatable collection of data used to support management decision-making processes and business intelligence”. A data warehouse is a repository into which are placed all data relevant to the management of an organization and from which emerge the information and knowledge needed to effectively manage the organization. This management can be done using data-mining techniques, comparisons of historical data, and trend analysis. For such analysis, it is vital that (1) data should be accurate, complete, consistent, well defined, and time-stamped for informational purposes; and (2) data should follow business rules and satisfy integrity constraints. Designing a data warehouse is a lengthy, time-consuming, and iterative process. Due to the interactive nature of a data warehouse application, having fast query response time is a critical performance goal. Therefore, the physical design of a warehouse gets the lion’s part of research done in the data warehousing area. Several techniques have been developed to meet the performance requirement of such an application, including materialized views, indexing techniques, partitioning and parallel processing, and so forth. Next, we briefly outline the architecture of a data warehousing system.

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