Planning for a Disaster: Effective Emergency Management in the 21st Century

Planning for a Disaster: Effective Emergency Management in the 21st Century

Carmen Cowick (Amigos Library Services, USA) and Jeff Cowick (CUNY Queens College, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8624-3.ch003
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Abstract

In this paper the authors discuss what a disaster plan entails and the steps that need to be taken for an institution to create such a plan, including taking advantage of all the new opportunities to provide a more comprehensive disaster plan through new technologies such as mobile applications, cloud storage and online reference tools. A disaster is a sudden change of situation, because of this, the planning for such an event needs to be done well ahead of time so that adequate training can be implemented and the response to the disaster can be quick and effective. As much as apathy, avoidance and lack of resources can be excuses as to why we have not created an institutional disaster plan, being prepared and trained to handle the different types of emergency disasters that can befall a library or archive is the best way to ensure that the materials will remain protected and the damage done to them in the case of an actual disaster is minimized. The steps outlined in this chapter will help any library or archive in the creation of a successful disaster plan and help them understand why some disaster plans fail.
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Mitigation Phase

Disaster Team

Before beginning to attempt to tackle the task of planning for an emergency or disaster, one needs to create a team of people willing to undertake this matter. As stated earlier, the reason a team is needed as opposed to an individual is because this is an enormous task, a task that would be impossible for one person to complete. The disaster team will be comprised of all the library staff in one form or another. The disaster team leader is a position with the most responsibility for managing the disaster team and ensuring all disaster sub-team coordinators and the members of their sub-teams are prepared for any emergency that is likely to strike the facility. Also, it is the responsibility of the disaster team leader to inform the sub-team coordinators of any changes or amendments to the plan so they may in turn inform their team members. Another responsibility of the disaster team leader is to ensure that all procedures in the disaster plan are followed according to what is written in the disaster preparedness plan. This would include teaching proper techniques to be used, and scheduling drills to practice the techniques decided upon. Once this position has been appointed, it is necessary to fill the positions of the disaster sub-team coordinators. Each of the sub-teams are in charge of different aspects of the library, both the preparedness portion prior to anything happening and the response and recovery portion after a disaster or emergency. There should be eight sub-teams as follows: health and safety, security and facilities, administration and finance, supplies and equipment, communications, assessment, documentation, and salvage responsibilities. Each sub-team needs to have a coordinator that will be in charge of that particular team. The rest of the library staff will be assigned to one, or in some cases two of these teams. Teamwork is a major part of preparing the library for a disaster and in the library being able to recover in a timely fashion in order to get back to its mission of serving its community.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Relative Humidity: The amount of water vapor in the air.

Natural Disasters: An event caused by nature that causes severe damage.

Mobile Applications: A software application that runs on a smartphone, tablet or other portable device.

FEMA: The Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Mitigation: To minimize the potential impact of an instance.

Man-made Disasters: An event caused by man that causes severe damage.

Cloud Storage: Storage that is maintained, managed, and backed up remotely and made available to users over a network.

Mycologist: A biologist that studies fungi.

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