Policy Making: A New Method to Manage Public Issues

Policy Making: A New Method to Manage Public Issues

Rahmatollah Gholipour (University of Tehran, Iran)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9944-1.ch001
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Policy making is a tool for modern societies to manage an array of public issues including health. At first, the concept and content of policy making will be described in this chapter. In order to do so, first the science of policy making and its history and objectives have been expressed and it is concluded that this science as a branch of political and administrative sciences considers the study of policies and certain functions of government in different fields. Then the concept of policy making and public policy are discussed. Since the current economic, social conditions and political values, government structure and cultural norms affect public policy making, the contexts of public policy making have been reviewed briefly. After that a variety of public policy, qualities of a good policy and the key factors in public policy making and rationality has been reviewed. In this chapter, in fact, the health policy will be studied as one of the crucial issues in this era and its dimensions will be discussed.
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Science Of Policy Making

The science of policy making tries to professionalize mentioned roles. Policymaking is the governance responsibility of governments. These measures are focusing on coordinating role of governments. Governmental management will affect policymaking in its own new role. Governments determine strategies and methods to deal with it, given to available public issues in society and issues that have possibility to be raised in future.Science of policymaking as a branch of political and administrative sciences studies the policies and specific measures of government.

Public policy consists of a series of government functions that are applied directly by the government or their representatives and affect introduced by government formation but it got new order simultaneously with establishing modern governments and got new identity in a scientific form and organized frameworks. From this point of view, experts consider the policy making a new scientific field that has been formed to have new recognition of relations between governments and citizens by efforts of scholars of political sciences, especially after World War II (Howlett & Ramesh, 2003, P. 3) The knowledge of policy making has been evolved based on most of conceptual developments during past 30 years. From late 1960s’, the study of politics and its secondary contexts extended to a correct organized subject with courses, curriculums, schools of public policy.

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