Preparedness of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises to Use Information and Communication Technology as a Strategic Tool

Preparedness of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises to Use Information and Communication Technology as a Strategic Tool

Klara Antlova (Technical University, Czech Republic)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61692-852-0.ch701
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Abstract

The objective of this chapter is to emphasize issues connected with adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) as a strategic tool contributing to further organizational growth. This understanding is based on the results of a qualitative analysis of a group of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Gradual development of a group of 30 organizations has been monitored over the last fifteen years during their co-operation with the Technical University of Liberec. These organizations have hosted one-year student placements where students, as part of their Bachelor’s degree course, undertake a long term work experience enabling them to integrate the practical and theoretical aspects of their course. The research focused on SME management’s approach to ICT, its utilization for competitive advantage and its relation to and defining of business strategy. Other aspects of the study looked at the effect of ICT on organizational performance, knowledge and skills of the employees, training and organizational culture. The results indicate that successful and growing companies have gradually established business, information and knowledge strategies and make strategic use of ICT.

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