Pricing Based on Real-Time Analysis of Forklift Utilization Using RFID in Warehouse Management

Pricing Based on Real-Time Analysis of Forklift Utilization Using RFID in Warehouse Management

Numan Celebi (Sakarya University, Turkey), Kübra Savaş (Istanbul University, Turkey) and Ihsan Hakan Selvi (Sakarya University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7362-3.ch087
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Radio frequency identification is an automatic identification technology that is used in various applications. Despite the many academic and theoretical studies that have been conducted about this technology, only a few of these studies have concentrated on application problems in real life. Therefore, many of these theoretical studies cannot be of help to practitioners directly. In this study, to realize such an objective, in order to price forklift operations used in handling operations in logistics warehouse management, a new approach that works with RFID technology is presented. The proposed model has been used in tracking of forklift movements at the warehouse of a firm active in the logistics sector and has been tested. The results obtained from the case study have shown that developed systems can be successfully used in price determination of forklift movements in warehouse management. Although the case was small, the proposed approach works well to follow real-time forklift movements and produces encouraging and meaningful outcomes.
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RFID is an object identification technology that uses radio frequency without any help from a human. Although this technology was found out in 1950s its real development and application have been widely spread after 1990 (Roberts, 2006). Basically RFID system is made up of a microchip (tag) around which there is wrapped antenna and a reader. Data and energy transfers are facilitated without having a physical contact between microchip and the reader (Zhang et al., 2006). The most distinguishing advantage of the RFID systems is that unlike barcode systems its technology does not require a contact and line sight (Delen et al., 2007). As it is seen in Figure 1 an RFID system is made up of items like RFID tag, antenna, reader, controller and software that will facilitate the communications between this hardware as well as a database that will keep the data coming out as a result of this (Maloni and DeWolf, 2006).

Figure 1.

RFID System Components


Key Terms in this Chapter

Forklift: It is equipment that can load and upload items for shelving.

Warehouse Management: It covers many processes in it to be able to control all items, equipments and activities.

RFID: It is a technological device which can be used for item identification and traceability.

Tag: A small piece or part that is attached to an item body.

Warehouse: It is a facility where items are stored in it.

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