Prioritization of Farming Process by Considering Sustainability as Major Issue: Sustainability in Farming Sector

Prioritization of Farming Process by Considering Sustainability as Major Issue: Sustainability in Farming Sector

Suchismita Satapathy (Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Bhubaneswar, India) and Debesh Mishra (Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Bhubaneswar, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8579-4.ch008

Abstract

Agriculture assumes an imperative role in the development of Indian economy, and it additionally contributes around 15% to the nation's GDP, offering work chances to around half of its population. Diverse devices and supplies implied for farming machines are utilized in farming processes which are either manually or mechanically operated. In spite of the fact that there have been advancements in new technologies, sustainability is the most important issue in farming. Modern farming process and advanced machineries have solved OHS (occupational health and safety) problems of farming. But modern equipment's smoke, dust, chemicals, and fertilizers both in manual-driven farming and modern farming are major environmental issues. So in this chapter, sustainability issues in farming are prioritized such that the policies, equipment, and process must be modified.
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Background

Agricultural workers need sufficient precaution and safety measures at the time of field and machine work, such that no physical damage occurs to them. The fatality rate in agriculture is far higher than any other economic sector. A large proportion of all fatal workplace accidents occur in agriculture, even though a small proportion of the workforce is employed in farming. The level of farm accidents is not decreasing. Similar accidents occur each year (Hope et al., 1999).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Sustainability, Sustainable Agriculture: Is a type of agriculture that focuses on producing long-term crops and livestock while having minimal effects on the environment.

Manual-Driven Farming: Hand tools used for farming.

Modern Farming: Machines like tractor and thresher used in farming.

OHS: Occupational health and safety; Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health, or workplace health and safety.

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